Portugal has technical recommendations and standards regarding ventilation rates in naturalventilation systems. However these ventilation rates have not been fulfilled in most residentialbuildings recently erected in Portugal.We believe that natural ventilation systems alone are unlikely to guarantee the recommendedventilation, and so we characterized the performance of a mixed ventilation system consisting of an air inlet through self-adjustable inlets in bedrooms and living rooms, natural exhaust in bathrooms and fan exhaust systems in kitchens.We measured ventilation conditions in a residential complex of 94 apartments in the Porto area usingthe passive tracer gas method, more precisely the PFT technique. The study evaluates the faadespermeability and the respective air exchange rates per compartment using the PFT technique.Seven flats were analyzed, six of which have a mixed ventilation system (continuous exhaust systemin the kitchen and natural exhaust in the bathroom). The seventh flat has a natural ventilation system, enabling the performance of the two systems to be compared.The experimental results allow, namely, the evaluation of the influence of insulation, a grid with lowhead loss and a static ventilator in the duct of the bathroom and the continuous exhaust ventilation in the kitchen.
Measuring Air Change Rates using the PFT Technique in Residential Buildings in Northern Portugal
27th AIVC and 4th Epic Conference "Technologies & sustainable policies for a radical decrease of the energy consumption in buildings", Lyon, France, 20-22 November 2006