Takashi Kurabuchi, Masaaki Ohba, Tomoyuki Endo, Yoshihiko Akamine, Fumihiro Nakayama
Bibliographic info:
The International Journal of Ventilation, Vol. 2 N°4, March 2004, pp 371-382, 26 Fig.., 11 Ref.

A new model has been proposed for evaluating the discharge coefficient and flow angle at an inflow opening for cross-ventilation. This model is based on the fact that the cross-ventilation flow structure in the vicinity of an inflow opening creates dynamic similarity under the condition that the ratio of the cross-ventilation driving pressure to the dynamic pressure of cross flow at the opening is consistent. It was confirmed, from a wind tunnel experiment, that the proposed model can be applied regardless of wind direction and opening position. Change of pressure along the stream tube of a cross-ventilated flow was estimated from the results of Large Eddy Simulation, and was set as the basis of model preparation. It was found that the static pressure at the opening was exhausted by the flows acceleration and by turbulent kinetic energy generation during this stage.