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Influence of the boundary thermal conditions on the air change efficiency indexes.

di Tommaso R M, Nino E, Fracastoro G V, 1999
air change efficiency | thermal performance
Bibliographic info: Indoor Air, No 9, 1999, pp 63-69
Languages: English

The influence of a thermal heterogeneity boundary conditions on the air change efficiency (ACE) of a mechanical ventilation system in a test room was experimentally evaluated by means of the "step-down" tracer gas technique in 24 different experimental conditions. The experiments were performed under isothermal condition, varying the air supply temperature with respect to the walls and varying the surface temperature of a wall with respect to the other walls and the supply air, simulating both heating and cooling situations. Changing the position of the outlet grid two different configurations of the ventilation system were tested. The nominal supply air velocity varied between 0.04 and 0.11 m/s, corresponding to a range from 1 to 3 ach, and the temperature differences varied from 0 to S0C. Results are reported in terms of air change efficiency indexes, both local and global. The global air change efficiency (ACE), values are presented as a function of the Archimedes number (Ar), whose values were in the range 0 to 181. The reported results suggest that the Ar number may be used to organize the ACE values when in the presence of thermal heterogeneity, both in the external envelope and in the supplied air. The obtained results show that there is a logarithmic relation between Ar and ACE. In particular, for both ventilation strategies tested, the increase of the absolute value of Ar leads to an increase of ACE when the supply air is warmer than the walls, and to a decrease of ACE when the supply air is colder than the walls. Under isothermal conditions the Reynolds


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