This paper concentrates on the results of sustainability caused by Courtyard as a climatic element in Iranian traditional architecture of hot-arid regions. Traditional architecture of Iran is perceived sustainable for having sustainable features. It is able to response to environmental problems from a long period. Its features are based on climatic factors as well as local construction materials of hot-arid regions and Courtyard (hayate- markazi) is one of this features .Courtyard as one of the determining and organizing factor of traditional architecture in Hot -aired regions involves varies aspects. This research uses library documents and Internet sites as well as analysing building plans. Result of this paper;show that considering the experience in traditional architecture of hot-aired regions, it is possible to create an environmental and sustainable architecture.
Environmental effect of courtyard in sustainable architecture of Iran (Hot-arid regions, meso-climate BWks)
28th AIVC and 2nd Palenc Conference " Building Low Energy Cooling and Ventilation Technologies in the 21st Century", Crete, Greece, 27-29 September 2007