Singery, M.; Mofidi, S.M.
Bibliographic info:
28th AIVC and 2nd Palenc Conference " Building Low Energy Cooling and Ventilation Technologies in the 21st Century", Crete, Greece, 27-29 September 2007

Sustainable development means that any encroachment into the ecosystem must be done in such a manner that the survival of future generations is not threatened in any way.In simple terms this means that we should leave the world for our children a better place that we found it.The notion of Sustainability in building and urban developmentrefers to the effects of building on the environmentin all their phases from the production of building materials to the use of ecologically sound and non-toxic substances in building and finally to the eventualdemolition of the buildings.It includes factors such as how mush energy is produced during the process and how waste is disposed of.For the last four decades, rapid urbanization in many developing countries has brought about negativeoutcomes, for instance; disorder, poverty, etc. The most negative effects of all have been on the environment. Pollutantsare the most obvious, which are caused mainly by waste materials of urban livings and industrial activities. The main goal of this paper is to present vernacular principlesand elements for building design and development, by considering environmental quality and human health.Tabriz, with hot and dry summers and very cold winters, is the capital of East-Azerbaijan province in Iran; it is boarding Turkey and Azerbaijan. The city has about 1.5 million inhabitants, and because of the establishment of new industries, it is rapidly growing, and as a result is facing urbanization and in need for more land for new residential development and habitable districts. 45 percentof its 4600 hectare area is allocated for new residentialdevelopments. As a result, the city is faced with high consumption rate of fuel and electricity during hot summers and cold winters. The morphology of the city has been an impetus for high air pollution, and the people comfort and convenience has become a great concern.The vernacular architecture of Tabriz, is one of the best examples of sustainable architecture, which many of its elements and principles are applicable for todays livingcondition, and could be employed in order to reduce the energy consumption and air pollution. Comparative method and cross-referencing is used, according to the consumption rate of fuel, to draw the design principles from the occupied and existing vernacular architecture.The findings were obtained after taking many field observationand study from rural as well as urban areas of East-Azerbaijan. Fifteen principles that are based on saving energy and taking advantage of renewable energieswere drawn, which will be presented.By planting trees, allocating spaces to pool, green house and likes we can save energy.