Describes how in 1960-62 National Research Council of Canada conducted air infiltration measurements on 2 single-storey houses using helium as a tracer gas, followed in 1967-68 by measurement of air leakage characteristics using house pressurisation technique. Describes procedure developed from these tests for calculating infiltration rates. Gives equations for calculating infiltration due to stack effect and that due to wind action. Gives equation for combined effect. Identifies research needs to enable procedure to be applied to houses of different design, construction and wind exposure.