As required by the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act (NAECA), minimum energy efficiency standards ranging from 8.0 to 9.0 EER went into effect for window-type room air conditioners on January 1, 1990. But by incorporating commonly used technologies such as high-efficiency rotary compressors, grooved refrigerant tubing, slit-type fins, subcoolers, and permanent split capacitor fan motors, 10.0 EER efficiency levels can be achieved for the most popular classes of room air conditioners without having to increase chassis size.
The sound insulation provided by similar types of windows varies considerably. This paper describes experiments on a number of elements which affect sound insulation, including the sealing of openable panes, the type of frame material, the size of the window panes, and the spacing of panes in multiple pane systems. It identifies the main factors and lists the potential insulation values for various types of window. This paper will be of interest to architects, planners and acoustic consultants.
This paper examines the impact on domestic background air infiltration of replacing ‘old windows’ with modern double-glazed and draught sealed windows, both with and without controllable ventilation (e.g. trickle ventilators). Methods of estimating the change in infiltration rate produced by such a window replacement are reviewed. A simple model has been developed which, using laboratory measurements of window air permeability, predicts the reduction in infiltration that can be expected when a given number of windows are replaced in a dwelling.