Laboratory modelling of natural ventilation flows driven by the combined forces of buoyancy and wind.

This paper describes an innovative experimental technique that accurately reproduces natural ventilation flows, driven by the combined effects of stack and wind, at small scale in laboratory models of rooms or buildings. This technique provides a powerful tool for examining the performance of naturally ventilated buildings at the design stage as it may be used to predict quantitatively ventilation flow rates and temperature stratification under a wide range of climatic conditions.

Bioclimatic house for Tenerife - "Ventilation wall".

The moonlike landscape and the heat of the site suggested us the creation of an oasis open to the northern cool breaths from the Northeast and to close our house toward the sun and torrid winds from the South. That's how the idea of a curved wall embracing the house and a patio was born, recalling ancient stone protections for vineyards. · We transformed the stone wall into a complex element, forming a natural air-conditioning chamber which works as a breeze catcher and due to the design of it's different elements, regulates the interior climate of the house.

Wind data for design of smoke control systems.

This paper reports on the analysis of historical wind data from 239 stations in the United States and 146 stations in Canada to derive design wind speeds (95%, 97.5%, and 99%) for the design of smoke control systems. As part of the analysis, the data were thoroughly checked for missing observations, internal consistency, and uniformity of location and measurement height.

Passive cooling by natural ventilation, salt bath modelling of combined wind and buoyancy forces.

We examine conditions under which the natural forces of wind and buoyancy may beharnessed in order to provide ventilation for cooling. Steady-state, displacement flows drivenby combined buoyancy and wind forces are simulated at small scale in the laboratory using aPerspex box to represent a generic room or single-spaced building. Density differencesnecessary to simulate the stack effect are produced using fresh and salt water solutions. Windflow is simulated by placing the box in a flume tank; the flume produces a flow of water pastthe box and this flow is used to represent the wind.

Street atmosphere is ventilated by solar energy.