Summarizes measurements made on a flat. These include inside to outside temperature and pressure differences, infiltration rates using helium as a tracer gas, duration of opening windows and doors and weather conditions. Also describes wind tunnel measurements made on a model of the building with and without obstacles and terrain roughness.
Presents results obtained from a digital analogue method of calculating infiltration rates in building. The results are compared with a set of full-scale observations carried out by G.T.Tamura and A.G. Wilson. (abstract no.192). Finds that calculated and full-scale results give good agreement in terms of the rate of change of air infiltration rate with wind speed and that both show that total infiltration rate is more sensitive to wind speed than wind direction.
States that it is usual to assume a certain pressure difference across a window for a given wind velocity. Describes method of recording and instrumentation used to record wind speed and direction and pressure difference across two windows. Gives results of measurements showing dependence of pressure on winddirection. Shows that stack effect, even in buildings of moderate height, may be of sufficient importance to require a different allotment of heating capacity between lower and upper floors.
Describes wind tunnel measurements made on a model of a tall building surrounded by lower buildings under various combination of wind speed, wind angle and air temperature. Gives method for calculation of air infiltration rates and describes the computer program used. Concludes that air infiltration is a strong function of wind direction. Finds that maximum air infiltration was produced by a wind that approached at 0 deg and the minimum air infiltration occurred at 75 deg wind angle.
Investigates energy balance of centrally heated flat at coastal town of Kijkduin, based on daily figures of gas consumption and ventilation losses derived from meteorological conditions. Studies: 1) pressure difference over the building caused by windvelocity, wind direction and outdoor air temperature; 2) natural ventilation caused by pressure differences over fortuitous cracks and intentional opening of windows, grilles and shafts. Studies possibility of ventilation prediction via mathematical model.