Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Wed, 04/12/2023 - 09:10
Many differences exist between countries in the requirements and regulations for ventilation of dwellings, offices, classrooms and other spaces. Sometimes the variation of the ventilation requirements for the same building type between countries is more than a factor of five. There are strong drivers, e.g., climate change, to reduce energy consumption for HVAC and therefore these variations are worth examining. Before reducing ventilation rates, it is critical to understand the reasons behind them.
These Guidelines recommend the ventilation required to obtain a desired indoor air quality in a space. The first step is to decide the air quality aimed for in the ventilated space. A certain air quality is prescribed to avoid adverse health effects while a decision is required on the level of perceived air quality aimed for in the ventilated space. Three different comfort levels are suggested. The next step is to determine the pollution load on the air caused by pollution sources in the space.
This paper describes a series of field measurements investigating the ventilation rates and indoor airquality in four newly built secondary schools in England. In these schools each with a differentventilation strategy - measurements and calculations were performed to determine the variation inventilation rates during the school day. All the schools were assessed for compliance with the recentlyadopted Building Bulletin 101 which defines the set of criteria in relation to the ventilation rates andindoor air quality in new school buildings.
This article presents how ventilation and air quality in smoking spaces are being treated by ANSI/ASHRAE standard 62, Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality. Historical information is given about environmental tobacco smoke and ventilation requirements in the standard since its first issue in 1973. The status of the 31 addenda to the 1999 version of the standard, some of them being included in the 2001 version, others still being in discussion or in the process to be adopted, is explained. Among them are four smoking-related addenda : 62e, 62g, 62o and 62ag.
Light wind conditions are important in the assessment of risks from releases of hazardous gases, in the assessment of urban air quality, and also in the determination of ventilation requirements for buildings. Although very light winds would often prese