Ventilation effectiveness in a partitioned office with displacement ventilation determined by computer simulation.

Unlike conventional ventilation systems, the displacement ventilation system supplies air in the low region of a room, while the exhaust opening is usually placed near the ceiling. When partitions are used in the occupied zone, the diffusion of supply air may be obstructed; thus, the existence of the partition may present important effects on air diffusion, retarding the removal of a contaminant. The present study considers the effects of office partition layout on air diffusion and indoor contaminant control in a large partitioned office equipped with a displacement ventilation system.

The evaluation of ventilation effectiveness measurements in a four zone laboratory test facility.

Improvements to ventilation systems for the purpose of saving energy may also affect the provision of good air quality. Measurement of ventilation effectiveness may be used to determine whether or not good fresh air distribution and satisfactory contaminant removal has been achieved in a specific case. However, for such measurements to be useful, it is necessary to establish recommended values of the parameters and to check the reliability of the measurement procedures. This paper is concerned with the second of these problems.

A four zone ventilation test facility.

This paper describes a laboratory model for the testing and validation of tracer gas measurement techniques. Previous attempts at experimental validation have often been limited to two zones, or a particular measurement strategy, or a particular range of flows. The model consists of four zones, each of 1m³ internal volume. The zones are connected so that all possible inter-zone flow paths exist. The flow down each path is driven by a pump and monitored by a flow meter. A control panel enables any combination of interzone flows to be set, within the capacity of the pumps.

Numerical Assessment of Room Air Distribution Strategies.

The air distribution in a room is investigated using computational fluid dynamics. Four common methods of supplying air to a room are compared. The effect of air change rate on the ventilation effectiveness for contamination is small, however the effect of room heating or cooling load can be very significant. It was found that air turbulence has a major influence on the air movement, air velocity and dispersion of contaminants in the room.