A test room was used to evaluate the impact of airflow parameters on the effectiveness of an air cleaning system. The room’s dimensions were nominally 11.2 m x 5.7 m x 2.7 m. The room has a drop-ceiling with space above for installation of above-ceiling air cleaning equipment and routing of ventilation ductwork. The HV AC system supplying the room could be turned on for constant flow (-349 ls·1) or left off to independently evaluate the effectiveness of the air filtration system.
The ventilation engineer's plan at the design stage could be influenced by many factors. It may also be different from the requirements for the final users of the spaces. In case of open-space design, which is getting popular due to its flexibility. It is more difficult to provide adequate ventilation to control the indoor air quality. Specially, when partitioning of the space is employed.
The purpose of this study is to identify the ventilation effectiveness of a displacement ventilation system in a concert hall with 501 seats, where a large amount of outside air is required for ventilation. Displacement ventilation was considered appropriate to reduce the amount of outside air. Light bulbs were placed on all the seats to simulate the heat source from the audience. From the measured concentrations, the local mean age of air at the breathing point with the displacement ventilation system was found around one third of that of the fully mixed condition.
Working spaces in modem buildings are easily formed by interior partitions because these buildings have been designed and constructed as open spaces for flexibility. This could lead to an indoor environment which might be different from the intended design. In this study, the effect of partition on the indoor air quality in a model room has been investigated with different configurations such as the height of' partition and the gap between partition and floor.
Displacement ventilation may provide better indoor air quality than mixing ventilation. Proper design of displacement ventilation requires information concerning the air temperature difference between the head and foot level of a sedentary person and the ventilation effectiveness at the breathing level. This paper presents models to predict the air temperature difference and the ventilation effectiveness, based on a database of 56 cases with displacement ventilation. The database was generated by using a validated CFD program and covers four different types of U.S.
Measured contaminant and heat removal effectiveness data are presented and compared for a 3: 1 scale model room, which represents a smoking room, lounge, or bar with a two dimensional airflow pattern. In the experiments, heat and tracer gases were introduced simultaneously from a source to simulate a prototype smoking room. High-side-wall and displacement ventilation schemes were investigated, and the latter employed two different types of ceiling diffuser, low velocity slot and low-velocity grille.
The ventilation effectiveness concept has been extensively used in research, where it has long been recognised as a good indicator of air quality. Also, there are many examples of its parameters having been measured as an aid to monitoring the air quality in completed buildings, usually to solve an air quality problem. However, despite their value as a predictor of the air quality to be achieved by an air distribution system, ventilation effectiveness parameters are rarely used in design.
The performance of a ventilation system, particularly that which is incorporated in centralised air-conditioning system, can be evaluated in several ways. The "ventilation efficiency and ventilation effectiveness" and "air exchange efficiency" are two of the most commonly employed methods in ventilation analysis.