AIVC - Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre

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thermal insulation

Ventilative cooling effectiveness in office buildings: a parametrical simulation

Controlled Natural Ventilation (CNV) is one of the potential most effective passive cooling technique to reduce cooling needs of buildings in temperate-hot climate zones. However, a correct balance amid internal heat capacity, thermal insulation, and net opening area is important to achieve optimal results. The present paper shows results from an original simulation process carried out within the Course “ICT in building design” of the Master degree programme ICT4SS (ICT for smart societies) at the Politecnico di Torino.

Building energy analysis and simulation of Changsha area

In this paper, the potential of energy saving in residential building in Changsha area was studied with dynamic simulation approaches. As we know that cooling and heating are both required more or less in this climate zone considering the climate condition and solar radiation may be advantaged for winter but disadvantaged for summer. This simulation was made to analyze the effect on the air conditioning energy consumption from four aspects: the material of the exterior wall thermal insulation, the window glass type, exterior window shades, and the indoor lighting control.


It is a widely spread misunderstanding that highly insulated buildings perform poorly with respect to theindoor environment.


Specific and effective measures for international issues, such as prevention of global warming, energysaving, reduction of environmental loads, are urgently required.The improvement of the insulation efficiency of the house and the building is demanded as the part.For that purpose, it is also necessary to determine whether installed insulating materials have beeninstalled properly, and whether they can actually demonstrate the expected performance.On the basis of the results of various surveys, the infrared method was proposed as nondestructivein-site measuring method enabling simple measur

Insulation and solar control in island servic buildings

The study of a hotel to be built under the mild climate of Madeira Island, Portugal, is presented. The program DOE-2.1E was used for the thermal load simulation, using as climatic input a Typical Year file constructed for this case. The simulation for the base building showed low heating loads and high cooling loads, of which a very important fraction derives from solar gains.

Convection in loose-fill attic insulation - simulations and large-scale measurements.

Heat transfer in loose-fill attic insulation was investigated in a large-scale model of a ventilated attic built in a climatic chamber. The particular aspect of this study was heat transfer by convection and its effect on heat losses through the attic floor. It was shown by thermal resistance measurements that the measured and calculated thermal resistance of the attic floor is within the margin of error. Air movements were detected in the insulation, sufficient to cause a decrease in the thermal resistance of the attic floor.

Combined heat, air and moisture transport in loose-filled insulation - experiment and simulation.

Experimental and simulation results are presented from an investigation of simultaneous heat air and moisture transport in a loose-fill insulation. The aim of the study was to investigate the thermal and moisture effects of natural air convection with no liquid transport present and to validate a numerical model. The structure was placed between two climate chambers at different temperatures. The quasi-steady-state temperature distribution in the cavity of the structure and transient moisture condition were measured, as well as the material properties.

Ventilating an attic.


Integrating solar radiation, building mass, thermal insulation, and air ventilation for energy conservation in buildings.

This research investigates the effect of integrating solar radiation, internal building mass, thermal insulation and natural ventilation on building thermal performance. A field study and a computer simulation were conducted on the Beliveau house located in Blacksburg- Virginia. The house designer implemented several new ideas for integrating solar radiation, thermal mass, thermal insulation, and air ventilation to conserve energy. The goal of this study is to investigate the relationships between these design variables.