Energy, cost, and program implications.

The study recommends adoption of the new higher ventilation rates, but with the use of alternative occupancy densities. To verify compliance with Standard 62-89, the study recommends the method of taking a ratio of temperatures to determine percent outdoor air with a total supply air measurement to determine supplied outside air for each air handler serving the building.

Air leakage characteristics and new standards for Swiss construction.

In the last few years energy regulations have been introduced in many Swiss Cantons. The main goal of these regulations, relative to the building envelope, is to improve the insulation value. Consequently, typical current construction for new buildings is characterized by exterior wall and roof insulation U-values under 0.5 W/m2.K and windows with triple glazing or its thermal equivalent.

ASHRAE standard 62-1989 implementation.