Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Tue, 06/27/2023 - 18:22
The fan pressurization method that is widely used to measure the airtightness of buildings is known to have quite large measurement error. It is made up of random measurement error (precision) and systematic measurement error (bias).
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Wed, 10/28/2015 - 17:32
Nowadays, there is increasing construction of high-rise buildings. Stack effect is one of the airflow characteristics in this type of tall buildings. The upward buoyant airflows in vertical shafts of high-rise residential (HRR) buildings can become an important way of gaseous pollutant transport during cold seasons. In this paper the airflows and pollutant transport driven by stack effect in a typical HRR building in Shanghai was simulated by using a multi-zone model. Measured and recommended leakage data were employed, and the air tightness level was kept the same for all floors.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Wed, 06/18/2014 - 14:51
Fires in buildings account for 60% of fires in Taiwan. Since establishment of the National Fire Agency in 1995, many fire codes have been promulgated resulting in a gradual decline in the number of casualties of fire. However, for old apartments in urban areas, although regulations aimed at improving fire-prevention refuge facilities and fire-fighting equipment of existing building have been announced, they cannot be implemented efficiently due to the lack of public acceptance. This investigation has found that hundreds of thousands people live in such buildings.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Wed, 06/18/2014 - 11:30
Food odor dispersion from residential unit to core is one of problems in high-rise residential building. In this study, it was analyzed in terms of stack effect, and the method how optimal air inflow of core was estimated and how the location of air in/outlet were decided were suggested to solve it. A combined CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) and CONTAMW analysis was used for stack effect of building, dispersion of food odor, optimal air inflow of core, and the location of air in/outlet in the method.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Wed, 06/18/2014 - 11:28
Interior-surface condensation on the glazed curtain wall of high-rise residential buildings is an important environmental issue in Korea. There are three causes of the surface condensation. One is the curtain wall frame materials, another is the generated moisture from residents' behaviors such as cooking and drying the laundry, the other is inadequate ventilation caused by stack effect.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Thu, 12/26/2013 - 12:40
Non-invasive, scalable, building retrofit solutions are amongst the most likely large scale adoption techniques to assist in climate change adaptation in the existing built environment, particularly in university type buildings where rehousing live activities will prove costly. Natural ventilation is an attractive retrofit strategy due to the low impact nature of the installation. A number of internal environmental criteria that are important to ventilative cooling strategies can be substantially modified as a result of an external retrofit solution.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Thu, 10/31/2013 - 13:58
This study proposes the hybrid ventilation system and its design methods for high-rise buildings. The proposed hybrid ventilation system uses natural driving power for ventilation based on air flow in the whole building and indoor and outdoor pressure distributions. Furthermore, it solves the troubles of the conventional natural or mechanical ventilation systems. This paper presents theories and a process for duct design for natural ventilation which forms the basis of a hybrid ventilation system in high-rise buildings.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Thu, 10/31/2013 - 12:03
When it comes to natural ventilation performance for large space cooling during summer time or intermediate seasons, double skin facade(DSF) integrated with cross ventilation(CV) exhibits more energy efficiency than single-side ventilated DSF. In this case, ventilation performance is remarkably affected by climatic conditions. Therefore, it is important to analyze micro climatic conditions before applying this passive technique.