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sick building syndrome

Allergic and non-allergic students' perception of the same high school environment.

The aim of the study was to describe how allergies and non-allergies perceive the same environment. All high school students in a town in southern Sweden were invited to answer a questionnaire concerning allergy, subjective symptoms, annoyance reactions and perception of the environment (response rate: 81%). The results show that only 45% of the students were nonallergic (n=1,715). Since the symptom frequency among non-allergic students was normal, the schools were classified as healthy.

Sick building syndrome in an office building formerly used by a pharmaceutical company: a case study.

In the past two decades, a group of health problems related to the indoor environment - generally termed sick building syndrome (SBS) - has emerged. We present an investigation of S BS in employees of a ministry working in a naturally ventilated office building that formerly had been used by a pharmaceutical company. A preceding environmental monitoring had failed to identify the cause(s) for the complaints. We conducted a questionnaire-based investigation and categorized the building sections and rooms according to their renovation status and their former use, respectively.

Building acoustics and sick building syndrome.

The acoustic environment was examined in an office building with a high prevalence of symptoms typical of the sick building syndrome (SBS). Levels of ventilation noise exceeded 70 dB in many rooms. The peak was often found in the region below 20 Hz, which is the infrasound region and generally regarded as inaudible at these levels. Symptoms attributed to exposure to low frequencies include nausea, headache, choking, coughing, visual blurring and fatigue, which appear to overlap with some of the symptoms of SBS.

Dusty, dry air and sick building syndrome.

This investigation was carried out on a mechanically ventilated office building with a high prevalence of occupant symptoms. The commonest complaints were of dry air, stuffy air and noise. Occupant symptoms, however, were most strongly associated with reports of dusty air and static electricity. Allergic and asthmatic people suffered the most. Cleaning standards were high, and upgrading the air filters failed to give improvements in occupant symptoms. Air flows to the rooms were adequate, but air movements in the rooms were poor.

Study on environmental quality of a surgical block.

This article presents the study of a surgical block with serious deficiencies of Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) located in the Hospital del Rio Hortega (Valladolid, Spain). Block characteristics were identified and symptoms reports collected from 118 workers. At the end of the initial investigation, it was concluded that there was Sick Building Syndrome. Measurements of ventilation and contaminants were made of indoor air (CO, C02, TVOC, anaesthetic gases, at six different points simultaneously) and outdoor air (hospital incinerator).

Environmentally induced dysfunction: the Camp Hill Medical Centre Experience.

In 1987, workers in the kitchen of one of the teaching hospitals in Halifax, Nova Scotia began to experience symptoms of pruritus, folliculitis, wheezing, conjunctiva/ irritation, sore throat and headache, all suggestive of an indoor air quality (IAQ) problem. Approximately 127 of 160 kitchen workers were affected over a 2-year period and the complaints included cognitive difficulties and reactivity to environmental irritants.

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