AIVC - Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre

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The iowa radon lung cancer study phase i: residential radon gas exposure and lung cancer

Exposure to high concentrations of radon (222Rn) progeny produces lung cancer in both undergroundminers and experimentally exposed laboratory animals. The goal of the study was to determinewhether or not residential radon exposure exhibits a statistically significant association with lungcancer in a state with high residential radon concentrations.A population-based, case-control epidemiologic study was conducted examining the relationshipbetween residential radon gas exposure and lung cancer in Iowa females who occupied their currenthome for at least 20 years.

The iowa radon lung cancer study: contemporary and historical airborne radon (222rn) and radon progeny concentration

The use of contemporary radon (222Rn) gas concentrations to estimate retrospective radon-relateddoses can introduce substantial uncertainties in epidemiological analyses. These uncertainties tend tobias the results of radon-lung cancer epidemiologic studies towards the null. Temporal variability ofradon progeny over past decades and the variability in the dose effectiveness of airborne radonprogeny caused by indoor atmospheric differences are among the main sources of uncertainties in ourregion.

Identification of radon affected work and living places and methods for the reduction of the radon exposure

High radon concentration in work and living places are caused by a high geological radon potentialof the soil , by technological processes, the use of building materials with high uranium, thoriumand radium content and the building construction. Further the influence of the working and living conditions on the dose estimation is very important. Especially the equilibrium factor and the unattached fraction are influenced by the working and living conditions.

Exposure of the population of southern greece to radon risk assessment

A large-scale radon survey has been carried out from 1995 to 1998 in southern Greece, in order toestimate the radon concentration in Greek dwellings and the exposure of the Greek population toradon. The design was administratively orientated. The statistical criterion for the selection ofsampling locations and the distribution of radon dosimeters was the percentage of dwellings of eachlevel of the administratively classifications in respect to the above level. This way of distributionassured that all the inhabited geographical regions were covered.

Radon control in Estonia

Radon surveys started in Estonia in 1989. The Department Building Physics at the Estonian BuildingResearch Institute measured radon levels in dwellings, in building materials produced in the country,and in the soil. The indoor radon concentrations in more than 400 houses were measured under grabsamplingtechniques using Lucas cells. The highest measured radon level was 6700 Bqm-3. The resultsof these measurements made during 1989-91 showed that the main source of indoor radon is the soilunderneath buildings.

Radon in a tourist cave: a one year continuous survey of the concentrations of attached and unattached radon progeny and radon

Radon, radon progeny and unattached radon progeny were measured in two chambers with differentcharacteristics at the Jenolan Caves, New South Wales, Australia, in 1996. Meteorological parametersand condensation nucleus concentrations were measured in order to understand the processesgoverning the radon concentration and degree of disequilibrium with the progeny. One chamber waspoorly ventilated, and rainfall proved to be the most important influence on radon concentration.

A survey to map areas with elevated indoor radon levels in Veneto

CRR, the Regional Center for Radioactivity, is monitoring Veneto, a region in the north-east of Italy, to trace a map of areas with elevated indoor radon levels. This survey is based on analysis of territorial distribution of radon concentration in dwellings. Maps of potential risk are searched in the upper part of the region based on the indication of a previous survey. Percentage of dwellings exceeding reference levels are estimated on the base of log-normal data distribution. Normalizations to ground floor or average housing type are produced.

Radium distribution in soils, analysed with sequential extraction, and its effect on radon emanation

The radium distribution of the soil is one important parameter governing radon emanation. The present study’s main objective is to investigate radium distribution in different Swedish soils, using chemical selective sequential extraction, and to compare t

How did wind affect the radon entry into seven detached houses

The wind speed and wind direction affected concentration of indoor radon in seven houses, which arelocated in three region of southern Finland. In the case of houses (B - F) which are built on upperslope of a permeable esker, according to the analysis of covariance the highest concentration of indoorradon, 20 - 33% over grand mean, was observed when wind (v?0.4 m.s-1) direction was perpendicularthe esker, leading to increasing pressure of soil gas and consequently to increased radon entry andconcentration.

Radon hazard in upper silesian region

Nowadays augmented risk of a lung and larynx cancers as a result of the exposure on radon is not onlyknown fact, but also the most important effect of the influence of the natural radioactivity on thegeneral public. There is no doubt, that quite often miners are more endangered by enhanced radonexposures as other members of the society.Upper Silesia is the region of the extended underground mining industry, mainly of a hard coal, butalso the metal ore mining.