Reviews the source and nature of pollutants occurring in indoor air. Discusses two research projects at the Institute of Hygiene and Work Physiology of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich; one studying the air pollution caused by men; theother concentrates on pollution caused by materials. Outlines methods of investigating odours. Concludes that control measures to reduce emissions are necessary. Recommends that guidelines for a minimum ventilation rate should be drawn.
Treats odour penetration from garages etc. into connected room, caused by wind pressure on windward side openings. Discusses measures to prevent overpressure e.g. by a leeward side grill oran exhausting ventilator. Explains with mollier diagrams.
Discusses fresh air requirements and tolerable levels of contamination from various sources within a space. Explains the calculation of dilution rates. States that in summer the rates required will generally be higher than those derived from theinformation given because of the need to reduce temperatures in non-air-conditioned buildings and gives method for calculation of ventilation rate required.
Discusses minimum ventilation necessary for occupied buildings and finds that occupiers minimum needs are based on dilution of body odours and that in Britain a high ventilation rate is necessary to reduce humidity. Describes two electrical solutions to the ventilation problem. The first is a combined ozone and ultra violet irradiation to oxidize the malodours. The second is the application of a heat pump dehumidifier to remove excess moisture in mild weather.
Discusses oxygen requirements and moisture emission of individuals and generation of CO2, odours, and aerosols in inhabited rooms. Treats calculation of hygienically necessary air flow rates. Notes characteristics of continuous andintermittent ventilation, whereby additional outside air is discharged into a room at set intervals when continuous airflow rate falls below hygiene requirements. Compares hygienically adequate, continuous ventilation with intermittent ventilation by calculating hygienically-necessary outside air flowrate using a mathematical mode.