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Introduction of the olf and the decipol units to quantify air pollution perceived by humans indoors and outdoors

Two new units, the olf and the decipol, are introduced to quantify air pollution sources and air pollution perceived by humans indoors and outdoors. The olf is introduced to quantify pollution sources. One olf is the emission rate of air pollutants (bioeffluents) from a standard person. Any other pollution source is quantified by the number of standard persons (olfs) required to cause the same dissatisfaction as the actual pollution source. The olf unit is analogous to lumen and watt for light and noise sources.

The role of trickle ventilators in domestic ventilation design.

This paper discusses the use of trickle ventilators in the design for natural ventilation in dwellings. The discussion is based around the results of a field monitoring experiment where 17 out of 32 houses were fitted with trickle ventilators as a remedial measure to improve the distribution of ventilation and to reduce the occurrence of condensation. Reductions in condensation, effects on energy use, window opening and occupants views are considered. The paper concludes that trickle ventilators are a successful component part in the design of natural ventilation systems in dwellings.

Measurement of carbon dioxide of the indoor air to control the fresh air supply.

In order to save energy, i.e. ventilation heat losses, the fresh air change rate should be adapted to the prevailing need. Even though it is a fact that reducing the fresh air change rate will result in a ventilation heat gain, the fresh air flow rate should not be kept too low, so that pollutants, humidity and body odour can accumulate. The results of measurements in a climatic chamber and in a lecture theatre show a significant relationship between the concentration of carbon dioxide and body odour of the indoor air under nonsmoking conditions.

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