Mixing characteristics in a ventilated room with non-isothermal ceiling air supply.

A two-dimensional turbulence k-e model is used to predict distribution of air velocity, temperature and turbulence kinetic energy in an air-conditioned room using ceiling air supply. Mixing characteristics of the airflow are analyzed under different air supply velocities and temperatures. A modified Archimedes number is correlated with the parameter ·characterizing heat transfer, ventilation system, and turbulence kinetic energy of room air flow. Significant correlations have been shown.

Ventilation strategies for thermal performance improvement of an attached sunspace.

In this paper ventilation strategies are examined in order to improve the thermal performanceof an attached sunspace of a two-storey semi-detached house in the area of Athens Greece.The ventilation strategies examined are cross and single-sided ventilation through the verticalwindows of the sunspace. Simulations were conducted implementing multizone ventilationmodel COMIS coupled with the thermal simulation model Suncode.

VRML Programs for Room Ventilation Applications

Cheap 3D models for visualization of room ventilation applications are now available. VRML (Virtual Reality Modelling Language) is found to be a good format to describe buildings, rooms and furniture. A 3D model in VRML can be placed on an World Wide Web www page and others can see the model in "Walk Through" mode. Use of VRML is described with examples as for instance in planning of measurements and as a basis for geometry in CFD calculations. The advantage of 3D and VRML is that it is much easier to see, find and correct problems than using traditional drawings.

Prediction of Gas and Pollutant Distributions in a Ventilated Cell in Case of Fire

Previous full scale experiments gave us a global and qualitative understanding of the gas circulation in a ventilated room in case of fire. In order to go thoroughly in the knowledge of these phenomena, we have built a scale model to perform more precise temperature measurements and more complete tracer gas experiments. The results show the existence of two zones when the air inlet is near the floor. At the opposite, when it is near the ceiling the room can be considered as a one single zone.

Simulation studies on a kitchen ventilation system

The efficiency of a kitchen ventilation system is usually determined by its ability in heat and effluent removal. The main part of a ventilation system is the hood, with its face (or capture) velocity. Heat generation associated with the cooking process is the main factor that affects the thermal comfort. The heat removal capability is studied under different capture velocities so as to determine the minimum requirement for efficient removal of heat and effluent.

Simulation of infiltration heat recovery.

Infiltration has traditionally been assumed to affect the energy load of a building by an amount equal to the product of the infiltration flow rate and the enthalpy difference between inside and outside. Results from detailed computational fluid dynamics simulations of five wall geometries over a range of infiltration rates show that heat transfer between the infiltrating air and walls can be substantial, reducing the impact of infiltration.

Development of intelligent algorithms for indoor air quality control through natural ventilation strategies.

Simulations have been performed to investigate the performance of intelligent algorithms for control of indoor air quality through natural ventilation strategies whilst simultaneously meeting the requirements of thermal and visual comfort. The proposed control algorithms are founded on the knowledge base of the building physics and support the control of natural ventilation through control of the window opening, whilst simultaneously controlling the lighting, heating and cooling systems of the building.

A semi empirical flow model for low velocity air supply in displacement ventilation.

Similar to supply air jets in mixing ventilation this paper describes a comprehensive flow model for displacement ventilation derived from the integrated Navier-Stokes differential equations for boundary layers. A new test method for low velocity diffusers in displacement ventilation is developed based on this new flow model. Contrary to jet flow, it is shown that the only independent variable in the new model is the buoyancy flux.

Airtightness Measurements in three dwellings in Rome.

Airtightness measurements are not yet common in the Italian dwelling stock. In the frameworkof the MICA-ENEA contract, three dwellings were chosen to study the energy performanceon the influence of natural agents. The majority of the dwellings in Italy still nowdays rely onnatural ventilation and records of the fluidynamic and energy performance are not contractualdocuments among the parties involved.