AIVC - Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre

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heat recovery

Air renewal effectiveness of decentralized ventilation devices with heat recovery

Central ventilation systems with heat recovery have shown their limits especially within the context of building energy retrofit. The difficulties to install these systems in existing buildings, to find available space for devices, air ducts, silencers and fire dampers and to independently control the air flow in each room according to the real ventilation needs have led to an increasing market for decentralized ventilation devices.

Monitoring results and optimization of a façade integrated ventilation concept for building retrofit

An office building of the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy systems (Fraunhofer ISE) in Freiburg was retrofitted in 2012 with an innovative concept based on technology integration in the façade. Prefabricated window modules integrating air inlets and outlets, façade integrated air ducts and a heat and moisture recovery ventilation device were implemented. A long term monitoring was set up including energy, temperature, CO2 and humidity measurements.

Impact of ductwork airtightness and conduction losses on heat recovery efficiency

We have developed a simple model to estimate ductwork leakage and heat conduction losses in steady-state conditions for a balanced ventilation system. Implemented in a spreadsheet, it allows us to calculate their impact on heat recovery efficiency consistently with EN 15241 without the need for a dynamic simulation tool. One case study shows that the global heat recovery of a balanced ventilation system with a nominal heat recovery of 80% can be reduced to less than 50% if the ductwork leakage and thermal resistance are poor.

Experimental performance characterization of a new single room ventilation device with heat recovery

Nowadays, important efforts are made to reduce the residential building energy consumption. In this context, a growing interest for heat recovery ventilation has been observed during the last decades. The present paper focuses on a new single room ventilation with heat recovery. Double flow ventilation is achieved through the integration of the unit into windows ledges. The developed device is particularly suitable compared to traditional centralized heat recovery ventilation units for retrofitted houses due to the absence of air extracting and air pulsing ducts through the house. 

Re heat recovery systems necessary for nearly zero energy buildings in mild climates?

Heat recovery ventilation became an unavoidable element of a passive or nearly zero energy building in Northern and Central Europe countries. Airtightness standards became very tight so that the building is compatible with this ventilation system. As frosting of heat recovery unit consumes a lot of electrical energy, a buried pipe system to smooth air temperature variations became also a necessary system in order to avoid defrosting.

Ventilation and energy aspects of food retail buildings

Worldwide the food system is responsible for 33% of GHG emissions. It is estimated that by 2050, total food production should be 70% more than current food production levels.   In the UK, food chain is responsible for around 18% of final energy use and 20% of GHG emissions. Estimates indicate that energy savings of the order of 50% are achievable in food chains by appropriate technology changes in food production, processing, packaging, transportation, and consumption.  

Long term monitoring of residential heat recovery ventilation with ground heat exchange

The monitoring of a demand controlled heat recovery ventilation system with ground heat exchange in a zero-energy building in Groenlo, The Netherlands, revealed interesting practical insights.

Performances of DAHT connected to building airtightness and indoor hygrothermal climate

As building insulation level increases, the coupling of ventilation systems with building enveloppe airtightness becomes an important issue in order to improve buildings energy performances. A building ventilation model can be built on a set of resistances and generators in order to handle infiltration, natural ventilation as well as fan driven air flows. The model is able to assess the indoor air humidity level and the building energy balance.

Heat Recovery in Building Envelopes

Infiltration has traditionally been assumed to contribute to the energy load of a building by an amount equal to the product of the infiltration flow rate and the enthalpy difference between inside and outside. Application of such a simple formula may produce an unreasonably high contribution because of heat recovery within the building envelope. Previous laboratory and simulation research has indicated that such heat transfer between the infiltrating air and walls may be substantial.

Condenser Heat Recovery in Air Conditioning Systems

This paper is based on the first Belgian case study developed in the frame of theIEA-ECBCS annex 48 project.