The paper deals with energy consumption and heat recovery in office buildings with natural ventilation. Net energy consumption for ventilation is calculated for 7 European countries. The calculations are done with various air flow rates and occupancy. The calculations shows differences between the seven countries, but the net ventilation heat loss is substantial for all. Norway and Sweden will benefit most from heat recovery. Several heat recovery concepts for natural ventilation are presented.
Laboratory hoods are designed to capture contaminants generated in the laboratory and discharge them outside. In many laboratories this results in several fan systems. To provide a convenient location for maintenance to service the fans, the fans are often located in penthouses. Good design of laboratory ventilation requires that the duct be negative in occupied spaces. However. it is not possible to design a fan room or penthouse with the duct negative downstream of the fan.
Noise from fan-assisted radon sump systems can be a problem in the home. This leaflet describes how to design a sump system with a view to minimising noise disturbance. It also includes advice on reducing noise from unsatisfactory existing systems. The leaflet will be of interest to householders, builders and designers dealing with noise from fan-assisted radon sump systems
The basic mechanism for natural ventilation in a building involves air flowing through purpose-made ventilator openings. These ventilators must be carefully designed as natural ventilation driving forces are weak compared to the dynamic forces created by mechanical systems. This paper describes a series of experimental parametric studies that investigated how components within a ventilator (in this case louvers and wire mesh screens) interacted. Air flow measurements through the individual louver and mesh components were compared to the air flow through mesh / louver combinations.
This paper describes an experimental investigation into the operation of a modified Trombe wall. The construction has been altered to include a layer of insulation material; two alternative positions for this insulation layer have been considered and tested. Air flow from the top of the Trombe wall has also been enhanced by the inclusion of a low power axial flow fan which was controlled to function dependent on measured temperature in the wall cavity.
The LTEE laboratory of Hydro-Quebec, in collaboration with Canada Mortgage and Housing conducted an indoor air quality study involving 30 single family detached houses heated with electric baseboard heaters in the vicinity of Trois Rivières during the 1993-94 heating season. The houses were selected according to the measured air leakage at 50 Pa, so as to have a sample distribution similar to the distribution of air leakage of houses in the province of Quebec.