AIVC - Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre

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computational fluid dynamics

CFD analysis of two different supply diffusers in underfloor air distribution systems

For underfloor air distribution (UFAD) systems, more rapid mixing of the supply air with ambient airis desirable for better thermal comfort, and swirling air diffusers are usually used. In order to rigorously simulate the flow characteristics of such diffusers, we used the multi-grid technique and validated it with experimental results. In this paper, the technique is used to compare the square diffuser and the swirling diffuser.

Improved interpretation and validation of CFD predictions

The mean velocity in rooms predicted by CFD simulations based on RANS equations differs from the mean (in time) magnitude of the velocity, i.e. the mean speed, in rooms measured by low velocity thermal anemometers with omnidirectional sensor. This discrepancy results in incorrect thermal comfort assessment by the CFD predictions as well as incorrect validation of the predicted velocity field. In this paper the discrepancies are discussed and identified, and a method for estimating the mean speed based on the CFD predictions of mean velocity and kinetic turbulence energy is suggested.

Considerations on room airflow motion predictions

Airflow characteristics in the air-conditioned spaces play an important role to obtain the comfortable and hygienic conditions. This paper utilizes a 3D time dependent Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model to assess the airflow characteristics in four different air-conditioned spaces. It was found that the location of the air extraction port represents a critical design factor and would have a direct effect on the heat removal efficiency and the energy efficiency of the air-conditioning system from the airside wise.

Comparing internal and external run-time coupling of CFD and building energy simulation software

This paper describes a comparison between internal and external run-time coupling of CFD and building energy simulation software. Internal coupling can be seen as the traditional way of developing software, i.e. the capabilities of existing software are expanded by merging codes. With external coupling, two or more software packages run simultaneously while exchanging calculation results at appropriate time intervals.

Comfort simulation of a double-deck train coach using CFD analysis

Within the last years CFD has become an essential tool to investigate and optimize concepts of train coaches during an early design stage to achieve best results without major modifications of the final design. The simulation of the current railroad double deck coach gives some special challenges because of the complex channel system and the different boundary conditions on each floor. First the air duct including the outlet vents is investigated and optimized. The results are used as boundary condition for the simulation of the passenger's compartment.

Validation of a CFD model for several displacement ventilation geometries

Fläkt Woods, which manufactures a wide range of ventilation equipment, has undertaken a programme of experimental verification of the concepts of new displacement ventilation equipment, as well as validation of a CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) package

Study on the Individual Control System Considering Human Thermal Adaptation

This paper analyses an individual control system that accounts for human thermal adaptation.Although the conventional individual control system has been shown to provide a satisfactory level of thermal comfort, there are questions over its energy efficiency. It has therefore become urgent to develop a new individual control system that can ensure both energy saving and thermal comfort. In this study, the alleviation time is proposed as an energy-saving control strategy for the individual control system.

Ventilation Efficiency of Personalized Ventilation: CFD Study

In this paper micro-environment around human body with a personalized ventilation system ina displacement ventilated room was simulated by the standard k-e model. The geometry of thecomputational thermal manikin (CTM) is a real representation of a human body. Detailed analyses of air flow at the facial region and inhaled air quality improvement with personalized ventilation system were carried out with the aid of this complicated CTM.

Estimation of Inhaled Air Quality for Personal Air Conditioning by Means of Age and Residual Lifetime of Air Distributions with Newly Developed Calculation Method

A detailed study using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) was conducted on the influenceof the difference in the effective diameters of air supply outlets (wind velocity, assuming the airflow rate to be constant) when using personal air conditioning with isothermal air currents. A method to analyze the new age of air (SVE3*) and the residual lifetime of air (SVE6*) was proposed and studied focusing on the individual supply openings and exhasut openings in a room with multiple supply openings and exhasut openings when using personal air conditioning.

Study on the Characteristics of the Indoor Environment Utilizing Hybrid Ventilation and Personal Air-Conditioning Unit

In this paper, characteristics of the indoor environment utilizing hybrid ventilation system andtask-ambient air-conditioning system are investigated every hour in a year in various types of office spaces by means of dynamic cooling and heating load analysis and CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) simulation.Authors had investigated the characteristics of the indoor environment of a hybrid ventilation system, utilizing natural and mechanical ventilation, with CFD simulation under various conditions of incoming outdoor air [1].