The performance of a passive cooling system was evaluated as part of design works for theproject of an auditorium. The passive cooling system incorporates an array of buried pipes together with a solar chimney. The natural ventilation is enhanced with the help of the solar chimney and fresh air is cooled by circulation within the buried pipes. The application of this system to the acclimatization of an auditorium was evaluated. A model was developed on this purpose, which allows foreseeing the temperature and relative humidity of the air in the auditorium.
Describes a numerical simulation of carbon dioxide dispersion as a result of occupant breathing in the enclosed space of an auditorium. Considers lighting equipment, number of occupants, two different ventilation systems, air induction and abduction flow rate. Uses three dimensional geometry and turbulence effects.
Measurements of ventilation rates and internal temperatures have been recorded in a naturallyventilated auditorium with high intermittent heat gains for a wide range of weather conditionsat a UK site. Satisfactory internal temperatures and high ventilation rates have been found forwinter, mid-season and summer external conditions.Simple ventilation and thermal models have been derived from experimental data whichallow the prediction of ventilation rates and internal temperatures within the auditoriumdespite the complex natures of the flow regimes and heat transfer mechanisms present.
A programme of work involving the measurement of ventilation rates, air velocities and temperatures has been completed within a naturally ventilated auditorium in the Queens Building, De Montfort University. Measurements have been recorded for 'winter', 'mid-season' and 'summer' conditions, and average occupancy levels.
This paper describes the measurements and evaluation of the indoor thermal environments in a large domed stadium. This stadium was built mainly for professional baseball games, but it has a lot of other purposes. It will be used not only for many sport games but also for various entertainment events. To satisfy such purposes, various intelligent mechanical systems were equipped to control and create a suitable space and environment without consuming excessive energy.
The ventilation system of a 60 seats conference room was retrofitted to improve indoor air quality. The old, mixing type installation was replaced by a displacement ventilation system. However, the building layout did not allow an optimum location of air inlets and outlets. It was therefore interesting to measure the actual performance of the new system. Using tracer gas techniques, the age of air was mapped within the room, and the ventilation effectiveness was measured in various configurations. The actual air flow rates were also measured in the ventilation system.