This annotated bibliography reviews current ventilation codes and standards for residential buildings in Europe and North America. It also examines the literature related to these standards such as occupant surveys of attitudes and behavior related to ventilation, and research papers that form the technical basis of the ventilation requirements in the standards.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Sat, 07/06/2013 - 16:12
Airflow measurement techniques are necessary to determine the most basic of indoor air quality questions: "Is there enough fresh air to provide a healthy environment for the occupants of the building?" This paper outlines airflow measurement techniques, but it does not make recommendations for techniques that should be used. The airflows that will be discussed are those within a room or zone, those between rooms or zones, such as through doorways (open or closed) or passive vents, those between the building and outdoors, and those through mechanical air distribution systems.
Gives an extensive list of literature on the topic and provides a detailed analysis of several aspects of the problems which can occur. States that good ductwork design and installation are key to providing well balanced ventilation systems, and lists a number of fundamental handbooks which carefully outline the essential elements of designing ventilation air ductwork. Describes various methods including the constant velocity method, the velocity reduction method, the equal friction method, and the static regain method.
This bibliography is aimed at those building professionals who are looking for an overview of current developments in duct cleanliness and design. The quality of the indoor air depends as much on the cleanliness of the equipment and ductwork it passes through before reaching the occupied space as it does on the quality of the outdoor environment. This bibliography will review the sources and types of contamination found in ventilation ductwork, including dust, oil residue, fungal growth, and chemical emissions.
The aim of this bibliography is to review and technically assess research into the impact of urban air pollution on the indoor environment. It includes a brief summary of relevant technical papers on the subject and lists those papers with accompanying bibliographic details.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Sat, 07/06/2013 - 16:08
This bibliography outlines the main features and design considerations of passive cooling ventilation systems. It draws on current research and case studies to provide a comprehensive and authoritative review, dealing with the prevention of heat gains (through location, landscaping, building morphology, shading and other solar control techniques); the modulation of heat gains (by thermal storage and night cooling) and heat dissipation methods (using natural ventilation, radiative cooling, evaporative cooling and earth cooling).
Gives an overview of current developments into acoustic control within buildings and their impact on current ventilation practices. Includes an examination of current design guidance and advances in acoustic measurement and calculation, as well as research into noise generation and control in buildings, with the emphasis on both noise transfer by the building itself (structural elements, design or occupants), as well as HVAC generated noise (including noise transfer from the plant room, ducts, terminal devices, etc).
With over 100 references, the document is divided into sections on: previous international energy studies, ventilation rate standards and requirements, mechanical ventilation, "mixed mode" or "hybrid" systems, natural ventilation, infiltration in schools, and indoor air quality.