Influence analysis of stack effect on odor dispersion from unit to core in the high-rise residential buildings

Food odor dispersion from residential unit to core is one of problems in high-rise residential building. In this study, it was analyzed in terms of stack effect, and the method how optimal air inflow of core was estimated and how the location of air in/outlet were decided were suggested to solve it. A combined CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) and CONTAMW analysis was used for stack effect of building, dispersion of food odor, optimal air inflow of core, and the location of air in/outlet in the method.

Exhaut contamination of hidden vs. Visible Air Intakes

A wind tunnel dispersion modeling study was conducted to investigate exhaust contamination of hidden versus visible air intakes. A hidden intake is typically on a building sidewall or on the sidewall of a roof obstruction opposite the exhaust source. A visible intake is at roof level or on top of
an obstruction, directly above the hidden intake. Overall, the study has shown what designers suspected: placing air intakes on building sidewalls is beneficial when the stacks are on the

Hygrothermal behaviour of a humidity controlled air inlet

This paper deals with the real behavior of a humidity controlled air inlet, regarding to relative humidity and temperature. It has been often heard, that relative humidity is not the best indicator for detecting a need of ventilation in main rooms (living room and bedrooms) because it is season dependant (the absolute humidity outside varies in a wide range from winter to summer, which should lead the air inlet to be closed in winter and open in summer).

Demand controlled residential hybrid ventilation

A Demand Controlled Hybrid Ventilation System is a two-mode system using natural forces as long as possible and electric fans only if necessary. Sensor technologies are used to establish the exact required airflow for indoor air quality and thermal comfort to a minimal energy demand. A large part of the Dutch dwellings are foreseen with a ventilation system consisting of natural supply with mechanical exhaust. Fan power for these systems typically is 30 - 40 W (Specific Fan Power 0.7 - 1.0 kW/(m3/s)). Small improvements lead to a laboratory reference of 21 W.

Numerical simulation of airflow through large openings

A large opening has first been defined as "an opening where the flow is not fully unidirectional". Then an experimental setup has been installed to conduct wind tunnel measurements on several models of a circular disk, in order to characterize the pressure distribution on simple objects provided both with and without openings.