AIVC - Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre

Search form

EBC

You are here

Home

PR2012

Blower door tests of a group of identical flats in a new student accommodation in the arctic

A new student accommodation for engineering students “Apisseq” was built in the town of Sisimiut, Greenland in 2010. Its purpose is not only to provide accommodation for students. Thanks to its complex monitoring system it enables researchers to evaluate the building’s energy performance and indoor air quality (IAQ) as well as performance of some single components. In summer 2012 a blower door test was performed on all 37 living units out of which 33 are identical single room flats and 4 are larger double room flats.

Human preference and acceptance of increased air velocity to offset warm sensation at increased room temperatures

Previous studies have demonstrated that in summertime increased air velocities can compensate for higher room temperatures to achieve comfortable conditions. In order to increase air movement, windows opening, ceiling or desk fans can be used at the expense of relatively low energy consumption.

Improvement of summer comfort by passive cooling with increased ventilation and night cooling

The present study describes the potential improvement of summer comfort and reduction of energy consumption that can be achieved by adopting passive cooling solutions, such as daytime comfort ventilation with increased air velocities and night cooling, in domestic buildings. By means of the IDA ICE based software EIC Visualizer, the performances of ten ventilation and cooling strategies have been tested in four different climatic zones across Europe (Athens, Rome, Berlin and Copenhagen).

Air turbulence intensity influence on the thermal comfort evaluation for different ventilation strategies

Thermal comfort is a subjective term, closely related to the sensation of warm or cold for the occupants, defining the state of mind of humans that expresses satisfaction with the surrounding environment. Since we spend more than 90% of our time inside buildings or vehicles, achieving a good thermal quality of this enclosed environment is vital. An optimal thermal comfort prediction can lead to „bien-être”, efficiency in our work, unaltered health and even energy economy.

RANS and LES models comparison for a cross-shaped jet flow with application in personalized ventilation

The need for thermal comfort and clean air for occupants in buildings or vehicles is vital since we spend more than 90% of our time inside these enclosed environments. Worldwide, current directions of the leading powers are oriented towards the reduction of the energy consumptions and HVAC systems make no exception. Personalized Ventilation (PV) applied to buildings may represent a solution to this problem. The main idea of PV is to provide clean air close to the face of each occupant and to improve thermal comfort in his microenvironment.

A numerical study on the role of leakage distribution and internal leakages under unsteady wind conditions

The existence of air leakages in a building has been very clearly stated as an important reason for energy loss. The decrease in the efficiency of the mechanical ventilation has also been clarified. The global demand for achieving nearly zero-energy buildings makes the uncontrolled leakage paths even more undesired. Despite the fact that steady state measurements of in- and exfiltration rates offer a simple and easy way of estimating the airtightness level of an eclosure, a supplement to those methods might be imposed.

Update of the spanish regulation regarding ventilation and infiltration: analysis, comparisons and repercussions

The Spanish Technical Building Code is one of the three royal decrees that were approved in Spain as a consequence of the transposition of the European Directive on the energy performance of buildings (2002/91/EU) [1]. One basic document of the Technical Building Code deals with the limitations in the energy demand of buildings. Nowadays, due to the recast of the European Directive on the energy performance of buildings (2010/31/EU) [2], a revision process of the current regulations has begun, starting with the Technical Building Code, with its first revision envisaged for 2012.

Hybrid ventilation and cooling technics for the new Nicosia townhall

The new Nicosia Town-hall is a very particular building. On the site where it is built, important antiquities were discovered during the first day of construction and the whole design was completely modified to fit to the new situation. The archaeologists continued to excavate 2/3 of the entire site and created an archaeological park in the centre of the town. The building area was constraint to the remaining land, and co-exists with the uncovered findings.

Towards the aeraulic characterization of roof windows?

Low energy buildings, being highly insulated, are subject to important overheating risks. Thermal simulation as well as experimental studies have shown the large potential of ventilative cooling. One barrier against this approach is the difficulty of evaluating air flows. Appropriate calculation methods and characterization of openings are needed, so that these systems can be dealt with in design, regulation and certification tools.

Natural ventilation and passive cooling simulation is not any more a privilege of experts

Natural ventilation and dynamic temperature simulation of buildings was until now a priviledge of highly skilled building physicists. Combined simulation of both is even rarer. 

Pages