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PR2012

Optimal sizing rules for natural, simple exhaust and mechanical residential ventilation systems

Sizing rules in residential ventilation standards lack uniformity in both methodology and resulting design flow rates. In order to investigate the best achievable performance of natural ventilation, exhaust and fully mechanical ventilation systems, this paper presents a multi-zone simulation based optimization study for both a detached dwelling.

Construction and set-up of a full-scale experimental house for ventilation studies

This paper reports on the construction, experimental set up and infiltration characteristics of a purpose built full-scale experimental house. The building has been designed as an experimental platform for measuring the moisture removal effectiveness of active and passive ventilation systems with indoor and outdoor climate conditions seen in New Zealand.

A survey of airtightness and ventilation rates in post 1994 NZ homes

The airtightness of 36 houses built since 1995 and across four cities in New Zealand (NZ) was measured. In a subset of 31 of these homes, the average ventilation rate was measured over several weeks in the winter using a perfluorocarbon tracer technique (PFT). These results can be added to earlier airtightness data to provide a platform for improving the air quality and energy efficiency of residential ventilation in NZ.

Assessment of the airtightness and air exchange in polish dwellings – measurement experiences and problems met

Indoor environment quality in buildings strongly depends on the proper ventilation. Still a large amount of single- and multifamily buildings are equipped with the natural ventilation system.
When the air exchange in the building is estimated, the main uncertainty concerns the air tightness of the given object. This parameter is used as the input data when the ventilation air flows in building are simulated, and therefore a reliable determination of the air tightness is essential.

Numerical prediction of the air exchange in the museum premises equipped with natural ventilation systems

Ensuring a proper indoor environment in the museum exhibition rooms requires, among others, the achievement and maintenance of the proper air change rate. It is important because of the minimum rate necessary to remove the excessive heat gains and moisture and energy demand for the ventilation purposes.

Overflow elements: Impacts on energy efficiency, indoor air quality and sound attenuation

When planning ventilation systems for energy efficient housing, an appropriate design of the overflow elements between rooms is important as it influences ventilation losses, indoor air quality and sound attenuation between rooms. Based on calculation results of the natural in- or exfiltration rates through the building envelope as a function of the overflow element’s flow resistance, this work proposes a maximal pressure drop of 2-3Pa for overflow elements in energy efficient buildings.

Strategies for controlling thermal comfort in a Danish low energy building: System configuration and results from 2 years of measurements

The thermal comfort of the residential building Home for Life is investigated with a particular focus on the strategies used to achieve good thermal comfort, and the role of solar shading and natural ventilation. Home for Life was completed in 2009 as one of six buildings in the Model Home 2020 project. It has very generous daylight conditions, and is designed to be energy neutral with a good indoor environment.

Airtightness of office and educational buildings in Sweden – Measurements and analyses

The airtightness of office and educational buildings influences energy use and thermal comfort. A leaky building is likely to have a high use of energy and thermal discomfort. The knowledge of real airtightness levels of entire buildings and their impact on the energy use is very low, except for a study carried out in the USA. Therefore two different methods of airtightness testing were applied to six entire Swedish office and educational buildings built since 2000. The first method involves using the ventilation system of the building and the second one to use a number of blower doors.

Long term monitoring of residential heat recovery ventilation with ground heat exchange

The monitoring of a demand controlled heat recovery ventilation system with ground heat exchange in a zero-energy building in Groenlo, The Netherlands, revealed interesting practical insights.

Influence of improvement of air-tightness on energy retrofit of social housing, a case study in a mediterranean climate

In Spain, the residential sector is the third principal source of energy consumption; many of these dwellings are obsolete and do not have optimal conditions of comfort. For this reason, their energy retrofitting means an enormous step towards the energy efficiency. Under the general intervention strategies, the study and analysis of the air-tightness of the building envelope (as measured by the degree of infiltration) is a fundamental factor, because of its impact on energy efficiency, thermal comfort of occupants and indoor air quality.

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