Demand-controlled ventilation (DCV) has largely been documented in the literature through fielddemonstration projects and computer simulation studies. However, in France and in the majority ofEuropean countries, the use of this technique is still quite limited.
In this paper, a model for predicting whole building heat and moisture transfer was presented. Both heat and moisture transfer in the building envelope and indoor air were simultaneously considered; their interactions were modeled.
The use of electricity in buildings constitutes around 16% of Singapore’s energy demand. To incorporate energy efficiency measures is one of the key mission to ensure that the economy is sustainable. The recently launched building energy efficiency labell
Air leakages can cause a significant energy penalty, inability of the heating system, and failure of the ventilation system – especially in passive houses. However, they can be avoided if given serious consideration in the design phase. The use of adequat
The absolute necessity of air renewal to maintain indoor air quality and thermal comfort in buildingsfaces the major issue of energy consumption reduction and optimisation in building sector. Manystudies carried out so far point out the performances improved thanks to the recourse to ventilationstrategies and control algorithms in the aim of optimising the energy consumption of air renewal, butvery few of them could assess the performances in the particular case of large buildings despite thepotential energy gains it represents considering the great volume and huge air flow rates induced.
Being the largest energy consumer, building sector represents a major stake for the actualenvironmental concerns. So far, building thermal comfort standards are based on static models thatdont account for the interaction between occupants and their living places. The adaptive approach of the thermal comfort has the advantage to be more comprehensive and realistic, and its application would result in energy saving in buildings. Recently, an Adaptive Control Algorithm ACA and an Adaptive Comfort Standard ACS have been developed on the adaptive approach.
Dynamic analysis is very useful to obtain thermal properties of building components. However different methodologies can be applied, and several software tools based on these methodologies are available which application requires certain degree of experience. The main differences between methodologies are the numerical procedure and the model assumed to estimate the required parameters. Different approaches can lead to different and even wrong estimations of the parameters.
Responsive Building Elements (RBE), as defined in International Energy Agency - Annex 44,are building construction components which are actively used for transfer and storage ofheat, light, water and air. These construction elements (like floors, walls, roofs, foundationetc.) are logically and rationally combined and integrated with building service functions suchas heating, cooling, ventilation and lighting.
This paper presents results of an evaluation of workplace occupant satisfaction in 16 state ofthe art office buildings of a variety of sizes and energy concepts in Germany. Some of thebuildings feature very low total energy consumption as well as passive cooling strategies. In thequestionnaire, all relevant aspects concerning occupant satisfaction of indoor environments areaddressed.
To gain access to information on energy use in office buildings, the German Federal Ministry forEconomy launched an intensive research and demonstration programme in 1995. In advance of theEU energy performance directive a limited primary energy coefficient of about 100 kWh m-2a-1 as agoal for the complete building services technology was postulated (HVAC + lighting) for alldemonstration buildings. A further condition was that active cooling be avoided.