The book of proceedings from the 17th AIVC Conference "Optimum Ventilation and Air Flow Control in Buildings", Gothenburg, Sweden, 17-20 September 1996 Volume 1 includes 40 papers Volume 2 includes 28 papers
17th AIVC Conference - Gothenburg, Sweden - 17-20 September 1996
The 17th AIVC Conference - Optimum Ventilation and Air Flow Control in Buildings, was held in Gothenburg, Sweden, 17-20 September 1996.
Contains 62 papers.
17th AIVC Conference "Optimum Ventilation and Air Flow Control in Buildings" (Book of Proceedings) | 1996 | English | 510 pp
This paper reports on the ventilation measurements in a cinema using the tracer-gas technique. Both the local and room air exchange efficiencies were measured.
The use of computers for simulating building thermal behavior started early at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Sweden. The first example of such use dates from a 1957 study of an exterior wall exposed to solar radiation.
A tool for evaluating domestic ventilation systems' ability to provide an acceptable indoor air quality. | 1996 | English
This paper is describing the first results of the Annex 27 work aiming at developing simplified tools for evaluating domestic ventilation systems by using sophisticated simulation programs studying pollutant concentration either for each person or
Zonal model to predict air distribution and dynamic concentration of pollutant in ventilated rooms. | 1996 | English
The first part of the paper will show some aspects of experimental research on air distribution in ventilated rooms.
This paper reports on work carried out at BRE to address the need for guidance on designing for natural ventilation via single-sided and cross-ventilation in office spaces and the limits of application in terms of plan depth.
A Probabilistic model of air change rate in a single family house based on full-scale measurements has been developed.
A control system that prevents air from entering an air-handling unit through the exhaust air. | 1996 | English
Traditional air-handling unit (AHU) control systems link the position of the exhaust air damper, recirculation air damper, and outdoor air damper.
The use of local exhaust is considered to be the most effective way to control pollutant dispersion from intense sources, such as in kitchens, in toilets, as well as in copy machine rooms.
This paper describes the ventilation analysis undertaken during the design of a new music centre for which it was desired to avoid the use of air conditioning and conventional ducted mechanical ventilation.
While the use of heat energy has decreased since the middle of the 1970's the use of electricity in the Swedish stock of commercial buildings has increased dramatically.
Many dwellings with natural or gravity ventilation systems suffer from poor airchange rates. In Sweden, especially houses built in the 1960-ies and 1970-ies heated with electric resistance heating and thus without chimneys, are at risk.
Wind towers (scoops situated on the roofs of buildings to catch the wind) have been in use for centuries in the Middle east and Pakistan, to provide ventilation and cooling with minimal mechanical plant.
Full scale measurements of air flow velocities, temperature, intensity of turbulence and air exchange rate are carried out on two rooms with different types of ventilation located in the department of architecture at Chalmers University of Technol
Reduction of flow loss due to heat recovery in PSV systems by optimum arrangement of heat-pipe assemblies. | 1996 | English
Natural ventilation is being applied to an increasing number of new buildings to minimise reliance on mechanical ventilation and so reduce emission of greenhouse gases.
Existing experimental techniques for calculating air flow through building cracks are usually based upon relationships derived from experimental studies employing relatively simple procedures.
A technique to improve the performance of displacement ventilation during cold climate conditions. | 1996 | English
Ventilation by displacement is a type of ventilation where the air flow is thermally driven.
The suitability of night ventilation for cooling for the UK is first assessed by presenting plots of summer weather data on the bioclimatic chart for three locations within the country.
The influence of outdoor air vents and airtightness on natural ventilation - calculations based on measurements. | 1996 | English
Many modern buildings in the Nordic countries have mechanical ventilation. Passive stack ventilation is, however, an accepted ventilation system in the Nordic countries according to the current building codes.
Train tunnels and subways are an interesting field of ventilation. Trains move air through tunnels at rates of 600 m³/s (over 2 x 10^6 m³ per hour) which is much more than flow rates in buildings.