Indoor Thermal Environment and Vertical Temperature Gradient in Large Workshop of School without air-conditioning

The purpose of this study is to figure out the characteristics of thermal environment in a workshop at school in Japan and to propose the improvement method of the thermal environment without air-conditioning systems. In this paper, measurement results of thermal environment in the workshop and calculation results of vertical temperature gradient are shown. In the measurement results, indoor air temperature became very high in summer. Solar radiation was the main factor raising the temperature of PC roof, and large vertical temperature gradient was formed.

School Eco-Renovation Method for Improvement of Thermal Environment in Large Workshop of High School without Air-Conditioning System

In recent years school buildings, containing the workshop in high school, are old in Japan. Therefore most of them need renovating. Any air-conditioning systems are not often installed in the workshops. Workshops without air-conditioning systems often have bad indoor thermal environments. Since bad thermal environment is exhausting and likely to cause some accidents, eco-renovation method for improvement of thermal environment is required. In this paper, various kinds of eco-renovation methods are examined by CFD simulation.

Numerical Study of Personal Exposure to Contaminant and Draft Risk in a Workshop with Displacement Ventilation

Contaminant dispersion and potential draft risk in a workshop with displacement tion were investigated with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) techniques. Three factors were considered: the location of the worker, the temperature of the supply air and the supply air flow rate. The capacity of CFD is demonstrated in optimizing the operation of a ventilation system by weighting two significant aspects, i.e., the indoor air quality and the worker's thermal sensation.