Natural ventilation is a prevailing way to relieve the indoor thermal environment against warmand humid climate. The field measurement of the thermal performance of a model house withnaturally ventilated double skin walls compared with a conventional insulated model housewas carried out. Only the gap between the double skins is ventilated, while the indoor of theconventional model is ventilated mechanically.
The performance of a Ventilated wall component under real weather conditions was tested, during two weather seasons, winter and summer. The component was built in a 1:1 scale, consisting of two equal area parts, a Ventilated wall with and without a radiant barrier. It was installed at the South faade of a PASSYS outdoor Test Cell at CRES. Air openings were located at the bottom and top of each wall component in order to facilitate the air movement through the air gap.
Unexpectedly, the indoor-outdoor pressure difference did not affect significantly the moisture content in different layers of two outer walls but the moisture content depended more strongly on the moisture content in outdoor.
An insulated wall can be supported internally by thin steel studs. There will be extra heat loss caused by the metal U-studs, but slitting the web of the U-studs perpendicular to the heat flow direction reduces this heat loss. Calculation of the heat transmittance is a difficult numerical problem due to the high ratio of thermal conductivity between the insulation and the steel. This study presents result of calculations in three dimensions. The proper choice of the numerical mesh is discussed. Simplified equations for the U-factor are derived and implemented ill a computer program.
Whole-house tests were developed to compare the airflow resistance of several different materials used to seal the walls of a house at the outer surface. These airflow resistances were measured infield installations and include the effects of interactions with adjacent materials and assemblies. The materials tested were housewrap over fiberboard and foam sheathings, extruded polystyrene foam sheathing with the edges taped, extruded polystyrene sheathing with the edges untaped, and caulking and foaming the inside of the wall cavity.
A technique for improving the thermal performance of lightweight steel- and wood-framed building assemblies is introduced in this paper. In this approach, rigid extruded insulation material is applied only to the framing members themselves (studs, plates, doubles, headers, etc.), effectively creating a composite member composed of insulation and structural framing. The depth of the envelope cavity is thereby extended by an amount that is equal to the thickness of the rigid insulation employed.