AIVC - Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre

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ventilation system

Application of mathematical modelling to the evaluation of building ventilation systems.

Numerical modelling is performed for three-dimensional turbulent buoyant flows emerging from an air diffuser in an air-conditioned, ventilated room. The velocity and temperature distributions of air in the room are calculated, and the calculated results are found to be in reasonable agreement with published experimental observations. Calculations of Air Diffusion Performance Index (ADPI) for a sidewall grille are carried out for different flow rates of air supply. The predicted ADPI values are found generally to be consistent with the corresponding experimental values.

Air infiltration and ventilation.

General background to the conference.

The performance of residential ventilation systems.

The indoor climate and ventilation were measured in 50 dwellings with various ventilation systems. The health and comfort of people living in the dwellings were studied with a simultaneous questionnaire. The ventilation rates measured with a tracer gas using the decay method varied from 0.1 to 1.2 m³/hm³, with an average of 0.5 m³/hm³. The ventilation rate in the bedroom was usually lower than the mean ventilation rate of the dwelling. The ventilation rates measured in a two-week period with the passive perfluorocarbon method varied from 0.2 to 1.9 m³/hm³, with an average of 0.8 m³/hm³.

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