A low-order thermal bridge dynamic model for building simulation

The heat transfer characteristics in building window frame have significant three-dimensional characteristics, but window U-value model are often used in most building codes for thermal analyses to simplify the calculations. State model reduction techniques were used to develop loworder three-dimensional heat transfer model for window frame, which is efficient and accuracy. The method was validated for a envelope designs by comparing the with complete 3-D models.

The heat transfer simulation for thermal bridge effect of the corner walls of building according to thermal condition

In this article, we would like to estimate the surface temperature and heat flow pattern of the four corner walls of building envelope with thermal bridge. In doing so, this study made use of infra-red camera and the heat transfer simulation. The field measurement using infra-red thermography shows thermal bridge and thermal insulation performance of each part of actual existing building envelope.

Assessing condensation risk and heat loss at thermal bridges around openings.

This paper gives guidance on assessing the risk of surface condensation and mould growth at thermal bridges around openings in the external elements of buildings, and describes a method of assessing their effect on overall heat loss. It supports the 1995 revision of the Building Regulations for conservation of fuel and power.

Design guidelines for thermal envelope integrity in office buildings.

This paper describes the guidelines prepared by NIST for GSA. These guidelines are organised by envelope construction system and contain practical information on the avoidance of thermal performance problems such as thermal bridging, insulating system defects, moisture migration problems, and excessive envelope air leakage. For each envelope system, both good and bad practice are discussed with an emphasis on the graphical presentation of envelope design details.

Thermal bridges across multilayer walls: an integral approach.