Development of Zonal Model for Predicting Temperature Distribution inside an Office Room with Hybrid Air-conditioning System

Recently, the hybrid air-conditioning system that used natural ventilation together with a mechanical air-conditioning was proposed. Hybrid air conditioning system is expected to be saving energy and maintain keep indoor thermal environment comfort.

Experimental and numerical study on simultaneous temperature and humidity distributions

This paper deals first with experimental measurement performed in a test chamber to investigate the characteristics of temperature and moisture distributions. The effect of moisture accumulation in building material is studied too. Then a new approach is introduced to describe the simultaneous heat and moisture transfer. The results has been compared with a CFD model.

Experimental and numerical investigation of temperature distribution in room with displacement ventilation.

Describes an improved form of the standard k-epsilon model for buoyant room flows and gives an assessment of the results. The improved model is based on the generalized gradient diffusion hypothesis of Daly and Harlow. Compares the results from the computations for three-dimensional flow with temperature measurement performed by the authors in a laboratory room with displacement ventilation. A good agreement is shown by the numerical results, better than the results from the standard model.

A general model (semi empirical) to predict temperatue efficiency of displacement ventilation systems.

Temperature efficiency is an important index to estimate the ventilation effectiveness. Usually ,the temperature efficiency is determined through field or model tests such as gas-tracing technology. The heat source structure(location, size, heat emission, etc) has a strong effect on the temperature efficiency. The heat sources present themselves or may be arranged in three basic models:(A)heat sources uniformly distributed in the space; (B) heat sources uniformly distributed on the floor; (C)concentrated heat sources at the bottom of a room.

Comparison of experimental and numerical test results of the airflow in a room with displacement ventilation.

The paper presents a comparison between the results of experimental tests airflow pattern forming in a room with displacement ventilation and numerical calculation. The heat source in the room was a heating plate. Quasi-laminar diffusers supplied the air with the ventilation change rate from l to 7 h-1. Temperature and velocity distributions in the plume and in its surroundings as well as the tracer gas concentrations in the background were measured. The airflow in the room was also predicted by means of CFD, using the standard k-E turbulence model and standard log-law wall-functions.

The effect of location of a convective heat source on displacement ventilation: CFD study.

Two-dimensional computational simulations are performed to examine the effect of vertical location of a convective heat source on thermal displacement ventilation systems. In this study, a heat source is modeled with seven different heights from the floor (0.5m, 0.75m, 1.0m, 1.25m, 1.5m, 1.75m, 2.0m) in a displacement ventilation environment. The flow and temperature fields in thermal displacement ventilation systems vary depending on the location of the heat source. As a heat source rises, the convective heat gain from the heat source to an occupied zone becomes less significant.

Evaluation of temperature distributions and airflow patterns with three air diffusing systems in heating period.

This study is to investigate the characteristics of indoor air temperature distributions and airflow patterns with three air diffusing systems in heating period and to find the methods which can predict those indoor environmental conditions effectively. A series of measurements and corresponding numerical analysis were done. Selected three air diffusing systems for this study are as follows; 1) ceiling supply-ceiling exhaust, 2) ceiling supply-floor exhaust, 3) floor supply-ceiling exhaust.

Computational analysis of indoor air and temperature distribution in an office space.

There is a growing demand for buildings to have a high indoor air quality environment. Twoof the main elements that contribute to this quality are temperature and air distribution withinthe occupied space. In modern office buildings particularly in hot climates, care must be takento design the most economical air distribution system that provides comfort for the occupants.There are many techniques available to predict the air distribution patterns in the space atdesign stage, but these are often not very accurate.

Interaction of radiation absorbed by moisture in air with other forms of heat transfer in an enclosure.

The impact of the radiation absorbed by room air moisture 011 heat transfer and air temperature distribution was investigated. Both analytical and CFO approaches were used. For large spaces such as atria, industrial workshops, hotel lobbies, and aircraft hangers, the neglect of radiation absorbed by the moisture within the air volume can lead to significant errors.

A method for prediction of room temperature distribution.

The heat sources in a room with upward air supply, can be ideally decomposed into some basic models. Based on searching of the solution of the basic models, then solving the varieties of practical problems, a simplified method for predicting vertical temperature distribution of room air is submitted in this paper. Calculated values of some practical examples agree satisfactorily with experiment results.