Recommendations for the optimal and lasting sealing of joints from a hygro-thermal perspective

Purpose of the work

Windows according to the Passive House Standard 2016 require a ten times more airtight airtightness class (EN 14351) [1] than around 1990. The installation layer of the windows is constantly moving closer into the area of the insulating layer with possibly moisture-sensitive materials. Therefore, joint sealing of construction and connection joints must also be evaluated by applying parameters related to building physics like thermal conductivity, diffusion behavior, heat and moisture storage capacity, and the capacity for movement absorption.

Recent Applications of Aerosol Sealing in Buildings

This paper describes two recent applications of aerosol sealing techniques in buildings for improving indoor air quality and reducing energy required for heating, cooling, and ventilation. One application applies a commercially-available duct sealing technology, which has typically been used in single-family applications, to large-building exhaust systems. The initial leakage rates, percent leakage sealed, and issues encountered are presented for several large buildings.

Improved duct sealing

In air-based systems, ducts deliver heat and cool air to conditioned spaces. Taking extra time to properly seal ducts during the installation along with repairing and patching leaks in HVAC duct systems will save cooling, heating and fan energy. With aerosol-sealing technology higher performance ducts in new and existing buildings potentially exist.

Aerodynamic sealing with air curtains - Experimental tests -

This paper deals with the use of an Air Curtain Device in a typical HVAC application where there is a need to provide aerodynamic sealing between a comfortable human enclosure and a warmer neighbour space.Three different complementary experiments were used in this work : tracer gas method (N2O), Flow field mapping and Infrared thermo-graphic visualizations.The used experimental methods revealed adequate and complementary to understand the flow topology of the studied case

Determination of water vapour diffusion across brick masonry treated with water repellent sealers.

Describes the experimental evaluation of a brick veneer steel stud (BVSS) test specimen. The system was evaluated for air leakage characteristics, pressure equalization response, deflection and water penetration. Concludes that for best results for BVSS walls, the air barrier must be sufficiently airtight to achieve static pressure equalization and there must be sufficient venting to achieve dynamic pressure equalization. Similar results were obtained from research conducted on other wall systems.

Chicago's little green gem.

           

Reexamining roof ventilation.

              

Weatherisation plus: new opportunities.

No more will weatherization crews find their hands tied when they see opportunities for energy savings in every corner-the Weatherization Plus plan will open the door to bring home advanced technologies.

Installed performance of two insulation systems during simulated wind conditions.

A building's envelope is the product of the choice of framing materials and quality of craftsmanship. Exposed to weather, it may 1101 provide the same airtight conditions in which its insulation material had been tested. Air permeable insulation offers little resistance to pressure driven, or convective, heat loss. Air impermeable insulators can additionally reduce convective, as well as conductive, heat loss by being sprayed into and sealing up sources of infiltration normally addressed by caulks and sealants.

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