Assessment and description of humidity controlled system in french residential buildings

In France, ventilation in new residential buildings must be designed and dimensioned according to the Health regulation (Arrêté du 24 mars 1982) which is basically based on required extract air flow rates. Two points are to be noticed : 1) The extract flo

Mold in dwellings : field studies in a moderate climate

Mold in dwellings is a persisting complaint in moderate climates. Nine parameters intervene in it: (1) climate, (2) inside temperature, (3) vapor release, (4) ventilation, (5) lay out, (6) envelope thermal performance, (7) sorption inside, (8) presence of preferential condensation surfaces and (9) type of finish. Exterior climate acts as boundary condition while inside temperature, vapor release and ventilation belong to the living habits. The five others are design and construction related.

Development of indoor climate classes to assess humidity in dwellings

The knowledge of indoor air humidity in the design phase is important to decide on the appropriate moisture control measures to prevent moisture problems in building components. Because of the uncertain nature of most of the factors affecting the indoor humidity, its accurate prediction in the design phase is not possible. To overcome this problem, the concept of Indoor Climate Classes has been introduced and used in Europe since its early development in the Netherlands in the 1970s up to its recent introduction in a European Standard on the hygrothermal performance of building components.

Average versus simultaneous climatic data for estimates of natural ventilation cooling potential.

Airflow through houses from onshore coastal breezes in warm humid tropical climates is the principal passive means of achieving indoor thermal comfort when air temperatures exceed 30°C and relative humidity exceeds 60%. Estimates of indoor natural ventilation cooling potential have been based on indoor wind speed coefficients determined from boundary layer wind tunnel tests combined with wind frequency, air temperature and relative humidity data.

Comparison of Natural and Mechanical Ventilation Performance in Similar Houses

The ventilation performance in 59 terraced houses of similar construction was investigated using a passive tracer gas technique. Some thirty houses were ventilated through the original natural ventilation, while eight were equipped with an additional bathroom fan and 20 were retrofitted with a mechanical supply and exhaust ventilation system. All measurements were made simultaneously in March. The ventilation performance was computed using both single-zone and two zone approaches.

Ventilation of One Family Houses


The Impact of Replacement Windows on Air Infiltration and Indoor Air Quality in Dwellings

This paper examines the impact on domestic background air infiltration of replacing ‘old windows’ with modern double-glazed and draught sealed windows, both with and without controllable ventilation (e.g. trickle ventilators). Methods of estimating the change in infiltration rate produced by such a window replacement are reviewed. A simple model has been developed which, using laboratory measurements of window air permeability, predicts the reduction in infiltration that can be expected when a given number of windows are replaced in a dwelling.

Experimental U-values of some house walls

Experimental U-values based on measured heat flows through the walls of some houses have been found to be significantly higher than predicted by conventional calculation procedures. The work was carried out in ordinary occupied houses, and included measurements on party, internal and external walls. There are a number of possible reasons for the differences including thermal bridging, high thermal conductivities and excessive air movement in the wall cavities and behind plasterboard dry lining.

Highlights of the proposed Canadian code for energy efficiency in new houses.

The Canadian Commission on Building and Fire Codes, senior committee in a national consensus structure dedicated to the writing of model codes under the auspices of the National Research Council of Canada, is preparing a new Canadian energy efficiency code for new buildings, to replace the Measures for Energy Conservation in New Buildings, published in 1978 and 1983.