Virtual Environment for the Prediction of Air Movement in Buildings

This paper introduces the infrastructure of Microflo CFO modelling system in conjunction with the virtual simulation environment. The theoretical basis is described and particularly the graphical user interfaces for pre and post processing are described in detail. Features of the Microflo system are further demonstrated through its application in the design projects.

Measurements and Predictions of Room Airflow Patterns using Different Turbulence Models

To evaluate the performance of different turbulence models in room airflow applications measurements in a test room will be compared to numerical calculations. The measurements are taken in a 6 x 4 x 3 m3 room with two heated dummies and a computer. Zero heat flux boundary conditions are achieved by controlling the inner and outer wall temperature. Two different ventilation systems will be examined in order to get momentum and buoyancy driven flow fields. Temperature measurement and Particle Streak Tracking data will be compared to the numerical predictions.

Thermal analysis of ground floor.

The effect on ventilation parameters of various ventilation strategies.

The work described in this paper is aimed at predicting the local values of the ventilation eflectiveness parameters of large industrial buildings by a technique which involves the use of computational fluid dynamics and multizonal modelling. A modelling technique is described and applied to a typical modern industrial building equipped with both, mixing and displacement ventilation systems. The results of modelling each of the above systems are presented and discussed.

Subfloor and house ventilation rates: comparing measured and predicted values.

This paper reports on the use of BRE's domestic ventilation model, BREVENT, to predict subfloor and whole house ventilation rates in a BRE/DoE test house. Before the model could be used though some minor adjustments were necessary because one of its underlying assumptions was that the subfloor temperature was equal to the external temperature. Temperatures measurements over a number of months showed this assumption to be false and so an extra stack term was introduced into the model. However, the overall difference this makes is still quite small, only a few percent at most.