Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Thu, 10/31/2013 - 15:57
This paper is mainly present the filtering technology for air purification in the process of ventilation and air conditioning. By the means of reviewing the related research we have made in this area, several effective programs for PM10 filtration are introduced from the view of experimental testing and practical applications. However, the selection and screening of fiber filter material has yet to be standardized, and the development of new multi-functional and energy efficient fiber filter material is pressingly required.
The objective of this study is to provide research results of the actual conditions concerning theconcentrations of PM10, PM2.5, PM1 and CO2 among particle and gaseous pollutants in a subwaycarriage. Mean concentrations of PM10, PM2.5 and PM1, and CO2 in a subway carriage wereinvestigated as 215.1101.4 ? m-3, 86.938.6 ? m-3, 27.011.4 ? m-3, and 1,588714 ppm,respectively. These mean concentrations in a subway carriage were higher when it ran on anunderground track than on a ground track.
The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has collected extensive indoor air quality data in 100 randomly selected office buildings following a standardized protocol developed for the Building Assessment Survey and Evaluation (BASE) study. These data were collected to provide normative data in typical office buildings for various uses including: a) basis for making policy and guidance development; b) hypothesis development and testing; c) input into risk assessments and environmental models; and, d) comparison of complaint buildings to "typical" building stock.
Five classrooms, air-conditioned or naturally ventilated, at five different schools were chosen for comparison of indoorand outdoor air quality. Temperature, relative humidity (RH), carbon dioxide (C02), sulphur dioxide (S02), nitric oxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (N02), particulate matter with diameter less than 10 μm (PM10), formaldehyde (HCHO), and total bacteria counts were monitored at indoor and outdoor locations simultaneously. Respirable particulate matter was found to be the worst among parameters measured in this study.