Air contaminants include all gases, vapours, liquid droplets and solids, including microogranisms of small size that can be dispersed in air and that are unwanted. Contaminants can be removed by dilution of the air, by deposition of particles on surfaces or by reaction with other materials in air or in space (such as furnishings).< This article discusses in general terms the reduction of contaminants and gives equations of concentrations of contaminants after time t. Discusses types of filters and their effectiveness.
Reports measurements of suspended particulate matter, carbon monoxide and droplet nuclei in a climate chamber of 50m3 as indicators of the particulate and gaseous phase of cigarette smoke. Various combinations of smoking intensities andventilation rates between 1 and 16 air changes per hour were investigated partly by a standardized smoking machine procedure and by individual smoking by a panel of four persons.
Notes that indoor air can contain between 01 - 100 x 10\9 ppm particles and that sub-micronic particles (1 -100 micro m) dominate. Defines indoor as microbiological laboratories, public buildings including the stations, nurseries, cinemas etc. and dwellings. Lists sources of pollution and tabulates limit values for aerosols noting those which are carcinogenic, absorbed through the skin, allergy-producing. Maximum limits stated are for 15 min/hour exposure rate. Discusses risks involved and how injury can be prevented.
Describes pressurization method of measuring air leakage using a fan installed through an open window. Gives results of survey of 24 houses. Humidity, meteorological parameters, indoor particulate levels, measured equivalent leakage areas and other information were recorded. Finds that tight houses tend to havehigher humidity, that leaky houses require more heating energy and that houses where smoking takes place have higher air pollution levels than others.