The aim of the study is to quantify the traffic generated particle number concentration levels (PM2.5; PMwith diameter ? 2.5?m) at various heights of a typical high-rise building in close proximity to a majorexpressway in Singapore. A 22-storey naturally-ventilated high-rise residential building located about15m away from a major expressway was selected for the study.

Using large eddy simulation to study airflows in and around buildings

This investigation uses three subgrid-scale models of large eddy simulation (LES) to study airflows in and around buildings. They are the Smagorinsky model, a filtered dynamic subgrid-scale model, and a stimulated small-scale subgridscale model. For outdoor airflow that is highly turbulent, the simple Smagorinsky model is sufficient. For indoor airflow where laminar flow can be as important as turbulent flow, the filtered dynamic subgrid-scale model and the stimulated small-scale subgrid-scale model are recommended.

Performance test results for large coupled indoor/outdoor environmental simulator (C-I/O-ES)

This paper provides a summary of the methods and results of performance testing for a coupled Indoor/Outdoor Environmental Simulator (C-I/O-ES). The simulator consists of an IEQ chamber, a climate chamber, and a replaceable separation/test wall assembly. Both chambers have stainless steel interior surfaces and are equipped with independent heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems for simulating indoor and outdoor thermal and air quality conditions, respectively.

Estimating human exposure to nitrogen dioxide: an indoor/outdoor modelling approach.

Human exposure to nitrogen dioxide can have adverse health effects. Policymakers need accurate information on the number of people exposed, the severity and patterns of exposure and the health-related effects of the exposure, in order to assess health risks and bring in appropriate control strategies. Data from central monitoring sites have been used in the past to establish air pollution exposures. Attempts to provide a realistic estimate of nitrogen dioxide exposures.