Application of air flow models to aircraft hangars with very large openings.

In line maintenance hangars, air planes stay about 2 hours, usually at night-time. The coolingdown of the inside air during the opening time of the hangar gates (up to 5 times per night, lasting 15 to 30 minutes each) has a considerable impact on the comfort conditions for the workers, and on the energy required for reheating. The time-dependent air flow rates and associated heat loss rates during the door opening and closing cycles is assessed by simple transient thermal models and CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) calculations.

Algorithm for interzonal particle flow through openings.

Measurements of interzone airflow and movement of aerosol particles were carried out in an environmental chamber. SF tracer gas and oil-smoke particles were used for this work. A series of measurements were conducted to investigate the effect of parameters such as interzone temperature difference and size of opening on the flow of aerosol particles. The particle deposition rate on thesurfaces of the chamber together with algorithms for interzonal particle flow through the openings were determined. Results were compared with those obtained using the tracer-gas.

An experimental and theoretical investigation of airflow through large horizontal openings.

The work was concerned with measuring natural convection through a large horizontal opening of different sizes and shapes located between two rooms in a building. Airflow rates between the two rooms were measured using a tracer-gas decay technique. Room 1 was heated to various temperatures in the range 18°C to 33°C using thermostatically controlled heaters; room 2 was unheated. A multi-point sampling unit was used to collect tracer-gas samples from each room. The concentration of SF6 tracer was measured using an infra-red gas analyser.

Ventilation and energy flow through large vertical openings in buildings.

After a short description of the physical phenomena involved, unified expressions are worked out describing net airflow and net heat flow through large vertical openings between stratified zones. These formulae are based on those of Cockroft for bidirectional flow, but are more general in the sense that they apply to situations of unidirectional flow as well. The expressions are compatible with a pressure network description for multizone modelling of airflow in buildings. The technique has been incorporated in the flows solver of the ESP-r building and plant energy simulation environment.