Multi-nodal model for predicting vertical temperature profile in the stratum-ventilated large retail facility

Stratum ventilation (SV) is an energy-efficient solution to provide thermal comfort and improve air quality. The air distribution in rooms with SV depends on the room layout, location of supply and exhaust grills and indoor heat gains. Therefore, the commonly used methods to predict air temperatures in the occupied zone do not usually fit the indoor temperature distribution. At the same time, detailed simulations of indoor air distribution are still mainly used in complicated room layouts and research.

Influence of office layout and ceiling height on vertical temperature gradient in office rooms with displacement ventilation

An accurate temperature gradient calculation is essential for displacement ventilation (DV) system design, since it directly relates to the calculation of supply air flow rate. Several simplified nodal models were developed and implemented in the various building simulation programmes in order to estimate the temperature stratification in rooms with displacement ventilation. However, the most commonly used models do not count the types and locations of the typical heat loads in rooms with displacement ventilation.