AIVC - Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre

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Heat and moisture exchange in counterflow rotary air dehumidifier.

This present work has theoretically investigated coupled heat and mass exchangemechanisms in counterflow rotary dehumidifier with the mixed desiccant of LiCl and additives,used in air conditioning systems. Mathematical model has been derived, based on one-dimensionaltransfer model and Polyni potential theory (theory of water chemical potential)and solved, using digital computer. The profiles of temperature and absolute humidity distributionin the matrix have been obtained. Analysis shows, that the direction of mass transfer isopposite to positive water vapour partial pressure.

Measuring and modelling moisture and temperature beneath a suspended timber floor.

Temperature and relative humidity have been measured in a BRE test house to investigate the vapour content in the void beneath the timber floor. The void can be ventilated naturally or by means of a fan supplying or extracting air. The results show that air flow into and out of the void is stack dominated. The fan needs to supply or extract large volumes of air in order to disrupt this. Measurements and modelling have shown that the vapour content in the void is generally dependent on the level in external air, and that the contribution from the ground is usually small by comparison.

Dynamic water vapour sorption: measurement and modelling.

The objectives of thisinvestigation were to examine the dynamic water vapour sorption offurnishing materials and to compare the experimental results withpredictions obtained from the Moisture Admittance Model. Dynamic sorption measurementswere carried out for common building materials. The measurements were made by placingspecimens of the materials in a humidity chamber and varying the ambient humidity between46% and 90% RH at constant 22C. The weight of the specimens was monitored in situduring this procedure.

Analytical theory on coupled heat and water transfer through porous materials.

New thermodynamic energy "water potential" based on the chemical potential of a component of mixture gases is defined as the driving force of gaseous phase water flux. Adhesive power, which is a kind of stress call "capillary attraction" and a part of the water potential, is proved as the driving force of liquid phase water flux. Then numerical model of coupled heat and water transfer using the water potential is introduced and influences of stress such as gravity and stationary pressure on water flux are clarified from the viewpoint of thermodynamics.

Interaction of radiation absorbed by moisture in air with other forms of heat transfer in an enclosure.

The impact of the radiation absorbed by room air moisture 011 heat transfer and air temperature distribution was investigated. Both analytical and CFO approaches were used. For large spaces such as atria, industrial workshops, hotel lobbies, and aircraft hangers, the neglect of radiation absorbed by the moisture within the air volume can lead to significant errors.

Conclusions from ten years of Canadian attic research.

Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) conducted a series of attic research projects from 1988to1997. Initially, there were few field test data to substantiate how attics dealt with air and moisture transfer. The CMHC research developed a test protocol for attic airtightness and air change testing and then proceeded to field testing of a variety of attics in different climatic areas. An attic model, ATTIX, was referenced against test hut data and used to simulate attic performance across Canada.

Heat and moisture response of vented and compact cathedral ceilings: a test house evaluation.

In the last decade, public awareness of the greenhouse effect has pushed the building sector toward higher energy efficiencies. This move has had consequences for roofs with a cathedral ceiling. AU-factor in the vicinity of 0.2 W/(m2·K) instead of 0. 6 W/(m2· K) became the new target value. The move toward such a low U-factor for cathedral ceilings was evaluated in an extended test house program.