Comparative Analysis Between Indoor Temperatures of Dwellings at Urban Scale During a Typical and Extreme Summers in a Temperate Climate

This study examines the impact of heatwaves on indoor operative temperatures of dwellings in Pamplona (north of Spain) and presents a comparative analysis of a typical summer and two extreme summers with heatwaves in 2003 and 2022. The assessment was conducted in two neighbourhoods with different urban morphologies and built periods related to different energy regulations in Spain. EnergyPlus was used to simulate each residential typology for 5 months in 8 different orientations and with the constructive characteristics that correspond to its built period.

Urban context and climate change impact on the thermal performance and ventilation of residential buildings: a case-study in Athens

Urban settings and climate change both impact energy use, thermal comfort and ventilation of buildings. This is more noticeable in hot urban areas where the urban heat island effect is more pronounced; also, in densely built urban areas where thermal comfort in naturally ventilated buildings is affected by changes in natural ventilation rates because of surrounding obstructions. In some cases, overshadowing might alleviate the impact.

Urban microclimate impact on ventilation and thermal performance of multi-family residential buildings: two case studies in different climates and urban settings

Urban settings change the microclimate around buildings and resulting thermal comfort inside.  This paper presents a method to consider microclimatic conditions, especially the effect of wind variations around the building, which impacts natural ventilation rates and indoor operative temperatures.

Analysing the Resilience of Brasília’s Superblocks in a Changing Climate

In Six Degrees: Our Future on a Hotter Planet, Mark Lynas describes possible world scenarios as global temperatures rise. The central region of Brazil, where Brasília is located, will suffer major changes in its microclimate.Brasília's built environment has already provided a comfortable indoor and outdoor condition through planned urban design and vegetation.

Dual stage simulations to study the microclimatic effects of trees on thermal comfort in a residential building, Cairo, Egypt

This paper describes an outdoor-indoor thermal investigation of a multifamily residential building during summer in Cairo, Egypt. Initially, microclimate meteorological data was generated for an urban settlement with and without trees being incorporated in to the development.  The software ENVI-met was used for this first stage. Two kinds of tree planting (15m high Ficus Elastica and 20m Yellow Poinciana) were simulated, together with the existing scenario that has no trees.

Application of numerical simulation in assessment of microclimatic condition in urban areas

The proposition of an assessment method of wind condition in urban structures is presented in the paper. In the second part of the paper two virtual residential districts with different urban organisation have been investigated. An assessment model used to examine wind conditions in selected urban organisation structures defines quantitative and qualitative features of the study area. Two elements of the urban environment, wind conditions and urban development, are evaluated.