For the building team, the design of library, archives and museum facilities brings with it special responsibilities. Archive and conservation facilities require the highest levels of preservation and maintenance of the building environment. Understanding how to maintain and preserve vulnerable materials is a key component to developing a successful design solution.
A research project is designed to evaluate different aspects affecting human comfort in an architectural space. One of the basic parts of the research project is the evaluation of the auditory, visual and thermal comfort. A university library in Istanbul is selected as the subject of the research. The library building, which has unusual settlement and design peculiarities, is an interesting case from acoustical view point as well, because of the closeness to a heavy traffic road and architectural properties.
This study included the IAQ survey concentrated on particle levels in the library store (area of 1000 m 2 and having books or journals over 100 000 pieces in total) at the basement. The store was divided into three sections covered with plastic walls. Each section was cleaned with three different methods: two vacuum cleaners equipped either by HEPA filters I or II and one cleaner equipped with a water filtration unit. In addition, the surfaces of all sections were swept by wet cloth after twelve hours of vacuum cleaning.
The Moravian library's atrium in Brno (Czech Republic) is eight stories high. Ventilation is a combination of mechanical supply by nozzles in each gallery and a natural stack effect in the atrium from bottom to top. CFD has been used for design.
The intent of this paper is to present the design process which has created the new SELLIC Library for the University of Edinburgh. The design has evolved from the initial concepts completion in 1996 to a detailed design which is currently awaiting Client funding. The building's form has arisen by the integration of the :function, environmental strategy and the aesthetics.
This paper discusses how simplified thermal and ventilation tools could be used during thefeasibility study of buildings to demonstrate the advantages of natural and low energyventilation strategies. The paper focuses on local authority library buildings in South-EastEngland and two simplified tools were used; one using a dynamic thermal simulation andventilation method and another based on the admittance method. The prediction of both toolswere compared with measured temperatures from an existing library that has a knownoverheating problem.
Sustainable building design has received increased attention over recent years and the use of natural ventilation in non-domestic buildings has been integral to this forward-looking issue. Natural ventilation design has been assisted by the availability of computer-based simulation techniques capable of predicting aspects of building design such as thermal comfort and air quality.
The CO2, H2O and CO content of the indoor and outdoor air in the four libraries of the University of La Coruiia (Spain) was monitored for 48 hours. For this a multipoint monitoring system was used, based on the infra-red photo-acoustic spectroscopy technique. This allowed us to identify the conditions of air renovation of indoor air with natural ventilation. Although good outdoors air quality was observed, the indoor air quality, on the other hand, was seem to deteriorate considerable during the periods of occupation.