Exposure Concentration Prediction by Multi-Nesting Approach Connecting Building Space-Virtual Manikin- Nasal Airway Model

In this study, we developed an integrated simulation procedure for prediction of concentration of contaminant exposure using a multi-nesting method connecting building space, a Virtual Manikin, and bronchus airway in humans. On the basis of this numerical simulation, detailed information on the unsteady spacial distribution of contaminant concentration, the breathing concentration of infectious contaminant, and the non-uniform distribution of contaminant deposition in nasal airway could be provided for designers of indoor environments in the design stage and also for residents.

Integrated Approach of CFD and SIR Epidemiological Model for Infectious Transmission Analysis in Hospital

The indoor environment can play a significant role in the transmission of and exposure to various contaminants. In the case of some emerging aerial infections, such as those caused by influenza virus and tuberculosis virus, the airborne route of transmission is considered to be important for evaluating the health risk associated with exposure to contaminants.