An investigation of cooking-related pollutants in the residential sector

In the residential sector, there are several indoor sources of pollutants related to activities such as cooking, cleaning and heating, besides those from occupants, building materials, finishing and furniture. Considering these sources, the kitchen appears as the space in the house that has the largest number of sources, with cooking being the most relevant source. In addition, meal preparation generates derivative processes related to cleaning utensils and the environment, in which detergents, air fresheners and other categories of cleaning products are used.

Experimental Investigation of Indoor Air Quality in an Open Office Environment

Open offices, where more than one person works, have been used frequently in recent years. However, there are many studies on the efficiency of the indoor air quality of the employees in these offices. It has also been shown that the risk of cross-contamination is higher in such offices during the COVID period, but this risk can be reduced by increasing the amount of fresh air.

Exploring the Indoor Air Quality in the Context of Changing Climate in Residential Buildings—Part A: Developed Measurement Devices of Low-Cost Sensors

Indoor air quality (IAQ) is influenced by several parameters and the sources of indoor air pollutants are numerous (building materials, occupant behavior, HVAC systems, Outdoor air, etc.). Utilization of low-cost sensor devices for screening the indoor air pollution has notably drawn interest over the recent years. These systems are easy to access, portable, need low maintenance, and can provide real-time and continuous screening of target contaminants.

IAQ Assessment in Higher Education Classrooms with Natural Ventilation during the Cold Season

Indoor air quality (IAQ) control in educative centres, where students spend most of their time, is essential. The presence of high levels of contaminants can impact the academic performance of the students and, ultimately, their health. A study has been carried out to assess the IAQ of higher education classrooms with natural ventilation in order to quantify the exposure of the occupants to certain contaminants during the cold season. CO2, PM10, PM2.5, PM1.0, and volatile organic compounds (VOC) have been measured.

Ventilation in Schools - A Review of State Policy Strategies

In January 2023, the Environmental Law Institute (ELI) with funding from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), released the report: "Ventilation in Schools: A Review of State Policy Strategies".


Lessons learned from design and operation of ventilation systems in low-energy dwellings in the UK

This presentation will cover the key lessons learned from post-occupancy evaluation of the ventilation strategies in several new-build dwellings in the UK. Two ventilation strategies often used for new dwellings in the UK are mechanical extract ventilation (MEV) and whole-house balanced mechanical ventilation with heat recovery (MVHR). Few examples of the design and operation of these systems will be presented identifying the best practice and improvement opportunities for mechanical ventilation systems that are increasingly used in airtight low-energy dwellings. 

Trade-offs between ventilation rates and formaldehyde concentrations in new-build dwellings in the UK

The current policies and regulatory frameworks in the construction sector aim to improve energy efficiency of new buildings whilst maintaining acceptable level of indoor environmental quality (IEQ) including indoor air quality (IAQ). In practice, however, there are often important trade-offs between these objectives. The aim of this paper is to investigate the concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in a recently built residential block in the UK and the potential trade-offs between ventilation rates and VOCs.

Indoor air quality investigation in a ventilated demonstrator building via a smart sensor

This study deals with ventilation effects on measured and perceived indoor air quality (IAQ) in a demonstrator building where IAQ problems can occur. Unlike outdoor air, indoor air is usually recycled continuously, which makes it trapping pollutants. Indoor air quality (IAQ) is characterized by a pollutants' concentration, as well as air temperature and humidity. The study's aim is to implement an efficient and smart ventilation system while leaning on continuous measurements of indoor air pollutants in a demonstrator building via a smart sensor based on a Raspberry Pi 3 model B+ card.

Economics of Indoor Air Quality

Buildings represent a major end use of energy throughout the world and are typically the dominant sector for electricity.   The use of that energy is to provide buildings services, the most important of which is Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ).  Heating and air conditioning systems typically handle the thermal comfort aspects of IEQ; the energy impacts and economics of such systems is well studied.  The most important remaining aspect of IEQ is Indoor Air Quality (IAQ).

Experimental study on the in-situ performance of a natural ventilation system with heat recovery

Combining heat recovery with natural ventilation is a relatively new topic of significant academic and commercial interest. The present study shows the performance of a recently developed Passive Ventilation system with Heat Recovery (PVHR) installed in a primary school building.