Modelling the interactions between air distribution systems, building envelopes, and the outdoor environment in a typical hot, humid climate residence.

Air leakage and duct wall conduction in forced air distribution systems often waste 20% to 40% of the energy used to condition residences in hot, humid climates. The simulation of these forced air distribution system leakages, their attendant uncontrolled airflows within the building system, and their consequential energy uses may be achieved by treating building spaces as pressure vessels (nodes) that are interconnected with the forced air distribution system, the outdoors, and each other through the basic laws of pressure and airflow.

A case study on global-conscious and local-oriented housing design in a hot and humid climate. Part 2: evaluation of the thermal environment in indoor and semi-outdoor spaces.

In order to confirm the effectiveness of the indoor climate control system adopted in the experimental house, the indoor climate in summer was evaluated for the experimental house and two other buildings in Nanning city and a comparison was made. Two vernacular buildings which have natural indoor and semi-outdoor cooling systems were selected for the study The majority of the measurements were taken using the spherical thermography system. The results showed that the quality of the indoor thermal environment of each building is approximately the same.

An innovative analysis and experimental investigation on energy savings of a VAV system in hot and humid climates.

An innovative calculation methodology is proposed in this paper which retains the accuracy of sophisticated computer simulation programs, such as DOE 2.1, but maintains the simplicity of simplified building energy calculation methods, such as the Modified Bin method. The entire calculation procedure is discussed and followed by a full-scale experiment on a VAV (Variable Air Volume) system which successfully demonstrated its effectiveness. This method is now proposed to be adapted as the main p<ut of the national building energy code or PACS index in Taiwan

Comparative experimental study of three passive cooling systems in hot and humid climate.

This paper presents the experimental results of the comparative study of three Passive Cooling Systems (PCSs) for the natural conditioning of dwellings carried out in Maracaibo, Venezuela. An experimental platform has been built to study the thermal performance of PCS. It includes: two full scale test cells, a meteorological station and an automated data acquisition system. The results are analyzed in terms of Indoor Characteristic Temperatures (JCT), Mean Cooling Potential (MCP) and the Cooling Performance Index (CPI) of each PCS.

An environmentally conscious house for Tamare, Venezuela. An architectural proposal for warm humid climates.

A bioclimatic house for Tamare, Venezuela, designed to provide psychological, physical and social well being through improved comfort and less energy consumption is explained. Digital and analog models were built to analyze sunlight and shadow behavior and computer simulations to predict thermal performance. Assuming a maximum comfort temperature of 30° C we achieve<! 95% of satisfaction when we ventilated at night and closed the building during daytime.

Air flow through louvered windows in small rooms.

In equatorial warm humid climates, ventilation has been largely adopted as a major strategy for natural passive cooling. In those climates the use porous elements are common to allow for permanent ventilation as temperature rarely drops below 20°C. Nevertheless, the performance of many building components has not been thoroughly determined, making it difficult to predict buildings performance as ventilation rates, estimated in most simulation codes are often based on apertures typologies from temperate and cold regions.