Optimal positioning of air-exhaust openings in an operating room based on recovery test: a numerical study

This study investigates the influence of outlet location on conventional, turbulent-mixing operating-room (OR) ventilation performance. This was done by numerical simulation using computational fluid dynamics. Multiple configurations of OR outlets, both at floor and ceiling level, were examined, and the results were compared. OR ventilation-system performance in each case was examined by conducting a tracer-recovery test. Two common anesthetic gases, halothane (C2HBrClF3) and desflurane (C3H2F6O), were used to perform the test.